VA & US History Pacing, Alignment & Resource Guide
**Social Studies lessons should include a content standard and a skills standard.
The student will demonstrate skills for historical and geographical analysis and responsible citizenship, including the ability to:
1a) identify, analyze, and interpret primary and secondary source documents, records, and data, including artifacts, diaries, letters, photographs, journals, newspapers, historical accounts, and art, to increase understanding of events and life in the United States;
1b) evaluate the authenticity, authority, and credibility of sources;
1c) formulate historical questions and defend findings, based on inquiry and interpretation;
1d) develop perspectives of time and place, including the construction of maps and various timelines of events, periods, and personalities in American history;
1e) communicate findings orally and in analytical essays or comprehensive papers;
1f) develop skills in discussion, debate, and persuasive writing with respect to enduring issues and determine how divergent viewpoints have been addressed and reconciled;
1g) apply geographic skills and reference sources to understand how relationships between humans and their environment have changed over time;
1h) interpret the significance of excerpts from famous speeches and other documents;
1i) identify the costs and benefits of specific choices made, including the consequences, both intended and unintended, of the decisions and how
people and nations responded to positive and negative incentives.