**Social Studies lessons should include a content standard and a skill standard.**

Click on the standard(s) below to see suggested experiences by the VDOE. 

The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by 

a) analyzing and interpreting evidence from primary and secondary sources, including charts, graphs, and political cartoons; 

b) analyzing how political and economic trends influence public policy, using demographic information and other data sources;   

c) analyzing information to create diagrams, tables, charts, graphs, and spreadsheets;  

d) determining the accuracy and validity of information by separating fact and opinion and recognizing bias; 

e) constructing informed, evidence-based arguments from multiple sources; 

f) determining multiple cause-and-effect relationships that impact political and economic events; 

g) taking informed action to address school, community, local, state, national, and global issues; 

h) using a decision-making model to analyze and explain the costs and benefits of a specific choice; 

i) applying civic virtue and democratic principles to make collaborative decisions; and 

j) defending conclusions orally and in writing to a wide range of audiences, using evidence from sources. 

Quarter 1

Quarter 2

Quarter 3

Quarter 4

Foundations of American Government
(3 weeks)
CE.2a - Fundamental Political Principles
CE.2b - Foundational Documents
CE.2c - Preamble to the Constitution
CE.2d - Amending the Constitution

American Citizenship
(3 weeks)
CE.3a - Process of Citizenship
CE.3b - Rights of Citizens
CE.3c - Duties of Citizenship
CE.3d - Responsibilities of Citizens
CE.3e - Participating in Community Service
CE.4a, b, c, d, e, f, g - Personal Character Traits

Political Process
(4 weeks)
CE.5a - Functions of Political Parties
CE.5b - Similarities and Differences of Political Parties
CE.5c - Evaluating Media Sources
CE.5d - Cost of Running a Political Campaign
CE.5e - History and Requirements of Voter Registration
CE.5f - Electoral College

Role of the Media
(2 weeks)
CE.10a - Impact of the Media on Public Opinion and Policy
CE.10b - Individuals and Interest Groups

National Level of Government
(3 weeks)
CE.6a - Structure and Powers of National Government
CE.6b - Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances
CE.6c - Lawmaking Process at the National Level
CE.6d - Roles and Powers of the Executive Branch

State Level of Government
(2 weeks)
CE.7a - Structure and Powers of State Government
CE.7b - Federalism
CE.7c - Lawmaking Process at the State Level
CE.7d - Roles and Powers of the Governor

Local Level of Government
(2 weeks)
CE.8a - Structure and Powers of the Local Government
CE.8b - Local Government's Relationship State Government
CE.8c - Lawmaking Process at the Local Level
CE.10c - Impact of International Issues on Localities

Judicial Branch
(4 weeks)
CE.9a - Organization of the Judicial System
CE.9b - Judicial Review
CE.9c - Civil and Criminal Cases
CE.9d - Due Process

American Economy
(2 weeks)
CE.11a - Economic Concepts
CE.11b - Types of Economies

Government and Economics
(3-4 weeks)
CE.13a - Government and Competition
CE.13b - Government Providing Goods and Services
CE.13c - Taxes in Local, State, and Federal Governments
CE.13d - Federal Reserve System
CE.13e - Government Agencies
CE.13f - Government Currency
CE.12a - Characteristics of the United States Economy
CE.12b - Supply and Demand
CE.12c - Business Ownership & Entrepreneurship
CE.12d - Circular Flow
CE.12e - Financial Institutions
CE.12f - Virginia and the Global Economy

Personal Finance
(1 week)
CE.14a, b, c, d, e, f - Personal Finance + Career Opportunities

41 Days 44 Days 47 Days 48 Days

2019-2020 8th Grade Civics and Economics Performance Assessment Plan

Instructional Core Essentials

ELL 6-12 Standards