Every science lesson should include a process skills standard AND a content standard. Additionally, investigations should be conducted to practice multiple process skills EACH nine weeks.

Process Skills Standards

The student will plan and conduct investigations in which
ES.1 a) volume, area, mass, elapsed time, direction, temperature, pressure, distance, density, and changes in elevation/depth are calculated utilizing the most appropriate tools;
ES.1 b) technologies, including computers, probeware, and geospatial technologies, are used to collect, analyze, and report data and to demonstrate concepts and simulate experimental conditions; 
ES.1 c) scales, diagrams, charts, graphs, tables, imagery, models, and profiles are constructed and interpreted; 
ES.1 d) maps and globes are read and interpreted, including location by latitude and longitude; 
ES.1 e) variables are manipulated with repeated trials; and 
ES.1 f) current applications are used to reinforce Earth science concepts. 

The student will demonstrate an understanding of the nature of science and scientific reasoning and logic. Key concepts include
ES.2 a) science explains and predicts the interactions and dynamics of complex Earth systems;
ES.2 b) evidence is required to evaluate hypotheses and explanations;
ES.2 c) observation and logic are essential for reaching a conclusion; and
ES.2 d) evidence is evaluated for scientific theories.


Quarter 1

Quarter 2

Quarter 3

Quarter 4

Unit 1 – Introduction to Earth Science
(5 days)
ES.1 - Scientific Investigation & Measurement
ES.2 - Scientific Reasoning & Logic

Unit 2 – Mapping Earth’s Surface
(10 days)
ES.1 c-d, f - Visuals in Earth Science
ES.6 c - Virginia's Resources

Unit 3 – Minerals
(6 days)
ES.4 - Minerals
ES.6 a, d - Resources & Costs

Unit 4 – Rocks
(10 days)
ES.5 - Rock Cycle

Unit 5 – Plate Tectonics
(10 days)
ES.7 b - Plate Tectonics

Labs: Quarter 1

Unit 6 – Earthquakes
(6 days)
ES.7 a - Geologic Processes

Unit 7 – Volcanoes
(6 days)
ES.7 a - Geologic Processes

Unit 8 – Weathering & Soil Formation
(8 days)
ES.7 a - Geologic Processes
ES.8 a - Geologic Processes

Unit 9– Erosion & Deposition
(8 days)
ES.7 a - Geologic Processes
ES.8 b-c - Karst Topography & Zones

Unit 10 – Geologic Times
(8 days)
ES.9 - Earth's History

Unit 11 – Energy Resources
(8 days)
ES.6 - Energy

Labs: Quarter 2

Unit 12 – Fresh Water
(6 days)
ES.8 c-f - Freshwater Resources

Unit 13 – Ocean Motions & Zones
(10 days)
ES.10 - Oceans

Unit 14 – Chesapeake Bay
(5 days)
ES.8 d-f - Freshwater Resources
ES.10 e - Oceans

Unit 15 – Weather 
(26 days)
ES.11 - The Atmosphere
ES.12 - Weather & Climate
ES.12 a-c - Weather Patterns
ES.12 b, d - Climate Change

Labs: Quarter 3

Unit 16 – Earth, Moon, & Sun
(9 days)
ES.3 b - Earth & the Solar System

Unit 17 – The Solar System
(9 days)
ES.3 acd - Earth & the Solar System

Unit 18 – Stars, Galaxies, & the Universe
(9 days)
ES.13 - The Universe

Labs: Quarter 4

SOL REVIEW & ASSESSMENTS

41 Days 44 Days 47 Days 48 Days
ELL 6-12 Standards