Every science lesson should include a process skills standard AND a content standard. Additionally, investigations should be conducted to practice multiple process skills EACH nine weeks.

Process Skills Standards

The student will demonstrate an understanding of scientific reasoning, logic, and the nature of science by planning and conducting investigations in which

LS.1 a) data are organized into tables showing repeated trials and means;

LS.1 b) a classification system is developed based on multiple attributes;

LS.1 c) triple beam and electronic balances, thermometers, metric rulers, graduated cylinders, and probeware are used to gather data;

LS.1 d) models and simulations are constructed and used to illustrate and explain phenomena;

LS.1 e) sources of experimental error are identified;

LS.1 f) dependent variables, independent variables, and constants are identified;

LS.1 g) variables are controlled to test hypotheses and trials are repeated;

LS.1 h) data are organized, communicated through graphical representation, interpreted, and used to make predictions;

LS.1 i) patterns are identified in data and are interpreted and evaluated; and

LS.1 j)  current applications are used to reinforce life science concepts.


The student will demonstrate an understanding of scientific reasoning, logic and the nature of science by planning and conducting investigations in which 

PS.1 a) chemicals and equipment are used safely;

PS.1 b) length, mass, volume, density, temperature, weight, and force are accurately measured;

PS.1 c) conversions are made among metric units, applying appropriate prefixes;

PS.1 d) triple beam and electronic balances, thermometers, metric rulers, graduated cylinders, probeware, and spring scales are used to gather data;

PS.1 e) numbers are expressed in scientific notation where appropriate;

PS.1 f) independent and dependent variables, constants, controls, and repeated trials are identified;

PS.1 g) data tables showing the independent and dependent variables, derived quantities, and the number of trials are constructed and interpreted;

PS.1 h) data tables for descriptive statistics showing specific measures of central tendency, the range of the data set, and the number of repeated trials are constructed and interpreted;

PS.1 i) frequency distributions, scatterplots, line plots, and histograms are constructed and interpreted;

PS.1 j) valid conclusions are made after analyzing data;

PS.1 k) research methods are used to investigate practical problems and questions;

PS.1 l) experimental results are presented in appropriate written form;

PS.1 m) models and simulations are constructed and used to illustrate and explain phenomena; and

PS.1 n) current applications of physical science concepts are used.


Quarter 1

Quarter 2

Quarter 3

Quarter 4

Principles Science Lab/Activity Toolbox

Unit 1 – The Nature of Science
(8 days)
6.1 - Science Investigation & Measurement
LS.1 - Scientific Investigation & Measurement
PS.1 - Scientific Investigation & Measurement

Unit 2 – Cells
(33 days)
LS.3 - Cells & Cellular Organization
LS.2 a-c - Cells: Structure & Development
LS.5 - Photosynthesis
LS.4 - Classification
LS.2 d - Cell Division
LS.12 - Genetics

Unit 3 – Adaptation over Time
(10 days)
LS.13 - Changes of Populations

Unit 4 – Interactions of Living Things
(14 days)
6.5 c, e-f - Water & the Environment
6.7 - Watershed Systems
LS.6 - Ecosystems & Co-dependence
LS.7 - Interactions Among Populations
LS.8 - Relationships in Communities
LS.9 - Adaptations of Organisms
LS.10 - Changes in Ecosystems, Communities, Populations, & Organisms
LS.11 - Ecosystems & Human Activity

Weather
(10 days)
6.3 - Solar Energy
6.5 d - Energy & Bodies of Water
6.6 - Earth's Atmosphere

Earth in Space
(10 days)
6.8 - The Solar System

Unit 5 – Matter & Periodic Table
(20 days)
PS.2 - Matter
PS.5 - Changes in Matter
PS.3 - Atomic Structure
PS.4 - Periodic Table
6.4 - Atoms, Elements, & Compounds
6.5 a-b - Properties of Water
PS.7 b - Phases Changes

Unit 6 – Motion & Momentum
(9 days)
PS.10 a - Speed, Velocity, & Acceleration

Unit 7 – Newton’s Laws of Motion
(9 days)
PS.10 b - Newton's Laws

Unit 8 – Work & Simple Machines
(9 days)
PS.10 c-d - Work, Force, & Power

Unit 9 – Energy & Energy Resources
(15 days)
6.2 - Sources of Energy
6.9 - Public Policy & the Environment
PS.6 - Types of Energy
PS.7 a, c-d - Thermal Energy

Unit 10 – Waves
(15 days)
PS.8 - Waves
PS.9 - Wave Characteristics & Applications

Unit 11 – Electricity & Magnetism
(10 days)
PS.11 - Electricity & Magnetism

SOL REVIEW & ASSESSMENTS

41 Days 44 Days 47 Days 48 Days
ELL 6-12 Standards