Science - 2019-20

1.6 - Earth and Space Systems

The student will investigate and understand that there is a relationship between the sun and Earth. Key concepts include

a)  the sun is the source of energy and light that warms the Earth's land, air, and water; and

  • with guidance, conduct simple investigations to show how sunlight changes the temperature of land, air, and water.  Bloom's Level:  Apply
  • design  a structure to reduce the change in temperature that occurs in sunlight throughout the day.  Bloom's Level:  Apply

b)  the sun’s relative position changes in the Earth's sky throughout the day.

  • observe where the sun rises in the morning and sets in the eveningDescribe the pattern.   Bloom's Level:  Analyze / Apply
  • with guidance, conduct a simple investigation to show how the sunlight changes the temperature at different times during the day. Bloom's Level: Apply
  • use observations of the sun to describe patterns that can be predicted. Bloom's Level: Understand/ Apply

Adopted: 2018

BIG IDEAS

The sun is a source of energy that provides light and warmth for Earth and can be seen in different locations of the sky throughout the day/


UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

  • The sun is the primary source of energy for Earth.
  • The sun provides Earth with light and heat energy.
  • Energy from the sun warms the land, air, and water by transferring heat energy to the Earth.
  • By transferring thermal energy to Earth, Earth’s atmosphere and land are heated. Thermal energy may be transferred from one substance to another by three means: conduction, convection, and radiation.
  • Patterns of motion of the sun in the sky can be observed, described, and predicted.
  • The sun's relative position in the morning is in the eastern sky and in the later afternoon is in the western sky.

ESSENTIALS

Essential Questions:

·  Why do we need the sun?

·  What happens when sunlight strikes an object?

·  How does the sun's position change during the day?


In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students will

  • investigate the question, "How does sunlight change the temperature of land, air, and water?"
  • observe where the sun rises in the morning and sets in the evening.
  • describe the pattern sun rise and sun set.
  • investigate the question, "How does sunlight change the temperature at different times during the day?"
  • design a structure to reduce the change in temperature that occurs in sunlight throughout the day.
  • use observations of the sun to describe patterns that can be predicted

KEY VOCABULARY

afternoon

air

distance

Earth

east

energy

heat

infer

land

light

morning

noon

planet

position

star

sun

sunlight

temperature

water

west


Updated: Aug 25, 2019