Science - 2019-20

1.5 - Living Systems and Processes

The student will investigate and understand that animals, including humans, have basic life needs that allow them to survive.  Key concepts include

a)  animals need air, food, water, shelter, and space (habitat);

  •  describe the life needs of animals, including air, food, water, shelter, and space.  Bloom's Level: Understanding
  • design and construct a model of a habitat for an animal based on physical characteristics. Bloom's Level: Create

b)  animals have different physical characteristics that perform specific functions; and

  •  identify physical characteristics of an animal.  Bloom's Level:  KnowledgeUnderstand
  •  observe animals in the schoolyard and describe their physical properties.  Bloom's Level: Understand
  • predict what type of home (land or water) an animals would live in based on its physical characteristics. Bloom's Level: Apply

c)  animals can be classified based on a variety of characteristics.

  • group animals using similar characteristics and explain the grouping.  Bloom's Level: AnalyzeUnderstanding

Adopted: 2018


Energy and matter are needed for all organisms to survive.

Animals use the matter and energy to move, eat, breathe, and reproduce.

Each type of animal has characteristics that allow it to function in unique and specific ways to obtain food, reproduce, and survive in a particular place.

These characteristics are used to classify animals.


  • Energy and matter are required for all living organisms to survive.
  • Animals, including people, have basic life needs, including air, food, water, shelter, and space (habitat). 
  • Animals including humans, have a variety of physical characteristics that help them survive. they include:
1) appendages: arms, legs, wings, fins, and tails which extend from the body and have specific functions
2)  body coverings: hair, fur, feather, scales and shells
Students do not need to classify animals by their groups: fish, reptiles, birds, etc.
  • Physical characteristics can also determine
1)  whether an animal lives in water or on land (examples might  include: scales and fins that allow fish to live in water or fun and legs that allow dogs to live on land
2)  their method of movement which may include walking, crawling, flying and swimming
  • Animals can be classified based on these characteristics.


Essential Questions:

·  How would animals be affected by different amounts of air, food, water, and shelter?

·  How are animals classified?

·  How do coverings, body shape, appendages, and movement help animals survive?

In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students will

  • make and communicate observations of animals,  about their needs, physical characteristics, and where they live.
  • describe the life needs of animals,including humans.
  • create a model of a habitat for an animal based on its physical characteristics.
  • identify physical characteristics of an animal.
  • observe animals in the schoolyard and describe their physical characteristics.
  • predict if an animal lives on land or water based on its physical characteristics.
  • classify animals using similar characteristics.
  • explain their classification system.




body coverings (hair, fur, feathers, scales, shells)

body parts (arms, legs, wings, fins, tails)

body shape






land homes


movement (walking, crawling, flying, swimming)




physical characteristics




tame (dog, cat, sheep)



wild (raccoon, hawk, squirrel, shark)

Updated: Jan 25, 2020