Science - 2019-20
1.1 - Scientific Engineering Practices
The student will demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
a) asking questions and defining problems;
- ask questions and make predictions based on observations. Bloom's level: Understand
- identify a simple problem that can be solved through the development of a new tool or improved object. Bloom's level: Understand
b) planning and carrying out investigations;
- with guidance, conduct investigations to produce data Bloom's level: Apply
- identify characteristics and properties of objects by observations. Bloom's level: Understand/ Analyze
- use tools to measure relative length, weight, volume, and temperature of common objects Bloom's level: Apply
c) interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data;
- use and share pictures, drawings, and/or writings of observations Bloom's level: Apply / Understand
- describe patterns and relationships Bloom's level: Understand/Analyze
- classify and arrange objects based on a simple physical characteristic property Bloom's Level: Understand/ Aplpy
- organize and represent various forms of data using tables, picture graphs, and object graphs Bloom's Level: Analyze/Apply
- read and interpret data displayed in tables, picture graphs, and object graphs, using the vocabulary more, less, fewer, greater than, less than, and equal to Bloom's level: Understand/Analyze
d) constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations;
- make simple conclusions based on data or observations Bloom's level: Understand
- recognize unusual or unexpected results Bloom's level: Understand
e) developing and using models;
- use physical models to demonstrate simple phenomena and natural processes Bloom's level: Apply
f) obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information;
- communicate observations and data using simple graphs, pictures, drawings, numbers, speech and/or writing Bloom's level: Apply
Scientists develop scientific knowledge by asking questions and defining problems, planning investigations, interpreting, analyzing, evaluating data, and communicating their conclusions. They use the engineering practices to solve a problem or design an object, tool, process or system.
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
- The nature of
science refers to the foundational concepts that govern the way scientists
formulate explanations about the natural world. The nature of science includes
the following concepts:
- the natural world
- science is based
on evidence, both observational and experimental;
- science is a
blend of logic and innovation;
- scientific ideas
are durable yet subject to change as new data are collected;
- science is a complex social endeavor; and
- scientists try to
remain objective and engage in peer review to help avoid bias.
What can be learned by doing scientific investigations?
Why do scientists use a variety of methods of investigation?
How do scientists make and use observations?
What tools do scientists use?
How do scientists classify information?
In order to meet this
standard, it is expected that students will
- use their senses
and simple tools, such as a magnifying glass and a balance to enhance their
observations of physical properties.
- make repeated
observations of an object or event from multiple positions.
- classify and
arrange objects or events according to at least two attributes or properties so
that similarities and differences become apparent.
- measure length,
mass, and volume, using nonstandard units.
- use familiar
events and objects to make inferences and draw conclusions.
- develop a
question from one or more observations.
- predict outcomes
based on actual observations and evidence rather than random guesses.
observations and data with simple graphs and pictures, oral and written
statements, and with numbers.
- answer questions
by conducting simple experiments/investigations, using nonstandard measuring
units and simple tools, such as a magnifying glass or a balance. A simple
experiment is one that changes only one thing at a time (tests only one
variable), gives quick results, and provides easily observable changes.
observations of movement (length/distance) using nonstandard units.
- compare the movement of objects, using graphs,
pictures, and/or numbers.