Science - 2019-20

K.6 - Living Processes and Systems: Living vs. Nonliving

The student will investigate and understand that there are differences between living organisms and nonliving objects.. Key ideas include

a)  all things can be classified as living or nonliving; and

  • identify living organisms and nonliving objects found at home and at school  Bloom's Level: Knowledge
  • classify objects as living or nonliving Bloom's Level: Understand

b)  living organisms have certain characteristics that distinguish them from nonliving objects.

  • identify and describe the basic characteristics of living organismsBloom's Level: Knowledge / Understand


Adopted: 2018

BIG IDEAS

Living and nonliving things have differences; recognition of these differences is essential to developing a deeper understanding of living systems.

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

  • Living is used to describe anything that is or has ever been alive (e.g., dog, flower, seed, log).
  • Nonliving is used to describe anything that is not now nor has ever been alive(e.g., rock, mountain, glass, wristwatch).
  • All living things grow, breathe, reproduce, excrete, respond to stimuli, and have similar basic needs like nourishment.

ESSENTIALS

Essential Questions:

 What are examples of living organisms and nonliving objects?

 Why are differences between living organisms and nonliving objects?


In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students will

  • identify and describe the basic characteristics of living things (growth, movement, response to the environment, having offspring, and the need for food, air, and water).
  • identify living organisms and nonliving objects found at home and at school.
  • classify items by living or nonliving.


KEY VOCABULARY

air - a mixture of nitrogen, oxygen, and small amounts of other gases that surrounds the earth and forms its atmosphere

characteristic- a distinguishing feature or quality

different - characteristics which are NOT alike

growth -size or stage of development

life cycle - the changes that occur in a plant or animal from the beginning to the end of its life

living - have specific needs: animals: air, water, food, shelter, space to live

  plants: nutrients, air, water, sunlight, space,

movement - how an object or organism moves

nonliving - items which do not require air, water, food and shelter or space to live.

nutrients - a substance that provides nourishment essential for growth and maintenance of life

offspring - an organism's young

reptile - vertebrate which is cold-blooded, have dry scaly skin, breathe with lungs and give birth using eggs.

seed -used by a flowering plant to reproduce

shelter - a place giving protection from bad weather or danger

similar - resembling without being identical


Updated: Jan 01, 2020