Science - 2019-20
K.1 - Scientific and Engineering Practices
The student will demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by
a) asking questions and defining problems
- ask questions based on observations Bloom's Level: Understand
- identify a problem based on need Bloom's Level: Understand
- make predictions based on observations Bloom's Level: Apply
b) planning and carrying out investigations
make observations to collect data Bloom's Level: Understand
identify characteristics and properties of objects by observation Bloom's Level: Understand
measure relative length and weight of common objects Bloom's Level: Apply
record information from an investigation Bloom's Level: Understand
c) interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data
describe patterns. Bloom's Level: Understand
classify and/or sequence objects based on a single physical characteristic or property. Bloom's Level: Analyze
organize and represent data Bloom's Level: Apply
read and interpret data in object graphs, picture graphs, and tables Bloom's Level: Understand / Analyze
d) constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
make simple conclusions based on data or observations Bloom's Level: Understand / Apply / Analyze
e) developing and using models
- distinguish between a model and an actual object Bloom's Level: Analyze
f) obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
communicate comparative measures (e.g., heavier, lighter, longer, shorter, more, less, hotter, colder) Bloom's Level: Understand / Apply
communicate observations using pictures, drawings, and/or speech Bloom's Level: Understand / Apply
will develop skills in posing simple questions, conducting simple
investigations, observing, classifying, and communicating information about the
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
• How do scientists use observations to describe, organize, categorize, sequence, and measure objects?
• How do scientists develop questions, make predictions, record observations and identify unusual results
• How do scientists construct graphs and display and share observations?
• Why do scientists conduct experiments?
- The nature of science refers to the foundational
concepts that govern the way scientists formulate explanations about the
natural world. The nature of science includes the following concepts:
- the natural world
- science is based
on evidence, both observational and experimental;
- science is a
blend of logic and innovation;
- scientific ideas
are durable yet subject to change as new data are collected;
- science is a complex social endeavor; and
- scientists try to
remain objective and engage in peer review to help avoid bias.
- the natural world is understandable;
- Science assumes
that the natural world is understandable. Scientific inquiry can provide
explanations about nature. This expands students’ thinking from just a
knowledge of facts to understanding how facts are relevant to everyday life.
- Science demands evidence. Scientists develop their
ideas based on evidence and they change their ideas when new evidence becomes available or the old evidence is viewed in a different way.
- Science is a complex social endeavor. It is a complex
social process for producing knowledge about the natural world. Scientific
knowledge represents the current consensus as to what is the best explanation
for phenomena in the natural world. This consensus does not arise
automatically, since scientists with different backgrounds from all over the
world may interpret the same data differently. To build a consensus, scientists
communicate their findings to other scientists and attempt to replicate one
another’s findings. In order to model the work of professional scientists, it
is essential for kindergarten students to engage in frequent discussions with
peers about their understanding of their investigations.
- Observation is an important skill that enables us to
learn about the world. Observations are expressed as descriptive statements
about natural phenomena that are accessible to the senses either directly or
with the use of technology.Through
observation one can learn to compare, contrast, and note similarities and
- An object can appear very different depending on how
it is oriented. To describe an object fully and accurately, it should be
observed from several different positions.
- Putting objects in a sequence allows one to understand
how things are related. A sequence can illustrate incremental changes over
- A nonstandard unit of measure, such as the length of a
paper clip, can be used to describe and communicate the dimensions of an
object. For the nonstandard unit to be most useful, it should be consistent and
- Sequenced objects or events can show patterns over
time. Occasionally, items are missing in a sequence, but observations of
patterns in the sequence can offer clues to predict the item(s) that are
- Observations about familiar objects or events often
lead to the development of predictions and important questions that can spark
- Observations that are made can be recorded in a
variety of ways. Picture graphs are useful ways to display and report
- It is important to observe the results of an
investigation carefully. Results that are unexpected or unusual may be of
interest for further study.
- Observations can be communicated through pictures
In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students will
- observe objects
and describe their basic properties. These properties include color, shape
(circle, triangle, square, and rectangle), size (big, little, large, small),
texture (rough, smooth, hard, soft), and weight (heavy, light).
- observe an object or objects from multiple positions
to achieve different perspectives. In order to accomplish this, the student
should look at the object from top, bottom, front, and back, and describe what
- arrange a set of objects in sequence according to
- separate a set of objects into two groups based on a
single physical characteristic, including color, shape, size, texture, and
- measure common objects with nonstandard units.
Examples of nonstandard units include hands, pennies, and paper clips for
determining length; holding and comparing two different objects for determining
mass; and liquids put in drinking cups for determiningvolume.
- predict an unseen member in a sequence of objects to
complete a pattern.
- develop a question from one or more observations about
the natural world.
- make a prediction based on observations.
- record observations using pictures.
- construct picture graphs using 10 or fewer units.
- identify unusual or unexpected results in an activity.
- describe objects both pictorially and verbally.
describe - to provide details about an object
observe - a fact NOT an opinion; a statement you make using one of your five senses.'
measure - the act or process of determining the length, mass, or volume of an object
pattern- a repeated form or design
picture graph - graphs that use pictures to represent data; used to share data.
predict- a guess about what will happen in the future
properties -(color, size — big, little, large, small, shape — circle, triangle, square, rectangle, texture – rough, smooth, hard, soft, weight – heavy, light)
question - a problem you are trying to solve during an investigation
result - how something ended or the outcome
sequence - a specific order of objects (large to small, lighter to darke