Science - 2019-20

ENV.II Ba-c - Earth's Systems

VDOE Course Content and Process Guidelines

B.  The student will investigate and understand how matter flows in the fundamental processes of Earth systems.  Key content includes

a.  the movement of atoms and elements through the biosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere as geochemical processes to include the carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, and water cycles;

b.  the components, dynamics, and processes of the atmosphere, lithosphere, and hydrosphere; and

c.  the interrelationships among the atmosphere, geosphere, anthrosphere, and the hydrosphere.

Adopted: 0


Reinforces Earth Science SOLs 7.0, 8.0, 11.0, 12.0

Reinforces Biology SOL 2.0


The Virginia Environmental Science Course Content and Process Guidelines are designed to continue the student investigations that began in grades K-8.  These outcomes integrate the study of many components of our environment, including the human impact on our planet.  These outcomes focus on scientific inquiry, the physical world, the living environment, resource conservation, humans’ impact on the environment, and legal and civic responsibility.  Instruction should focus on student data collection and analysis through laboratory experiences and field work.  These should include descriptive and comparative studies as well as investigation (i.e. meaningful watershed educational experiences). It is expected that teachers will collaborate with museums, aquaria, nature centers, government agencies, associations, foundations, and private industry in efforts to engage the community, provide diverse points of view about the management of natural resources, and offer a variety of learning experiences and career education opportunities. 


Layers of the atmosphere

Layers of Earth


Updated: Jul 03, 2019