Reading - 2019-20
K.7 - Vocabulary
K.7 The student will expand vocabulary and use of word meanings
a) Discuss meanings of words
b) Increase vocabulary by listening to a variety of texts read aloud
c) Use vocabulary from other content areas
d) Ask about words not understood
e) Use number words
f) Use nouns to identify and name people, places, and things
g) Use adjectives to describe location, size, color, and shape
h) Use verbs to identify actions
- Sometimes new words look or sound like words you already know which can help me learn what a new word means.
- Because recognizing and reading number words will help me in math.
- So that when sorting objects in math, I can better sort by size, color, or shape.
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
The kindergarten student will be immersed in a text -rich environment to develop phonological awareness, phonemic awareness, vocabulary, comprehension, and an appreciation for reading. The exposure to fiction and nonfiction texts will enable students to develop an awareness of reading materials as sources of information and enjoyment. Students will learn to identify and name the capital and lowercase letters of the alphabet, understand that letters represent sounds, and identify initial and final consonant sounds in one syllable words The kindergarten student will expand both listening and speaking vocabularies. They will also learn to comprehend and think creatively as they relate stories through drama, retelling, drawing, and their own writing. Teachers will encourage the development of reading skills that are foundational to effective comprehension and critical thinking. These skills are essential for success in future postsecondary education and the workplace.
- Teachers should teach the concepts of print, basic phonetic principles, comprehension of stories, and letter identification skills through systematic, direct instruction, individual and small group activities, and time spent exploring and reading books and other print material.
- Please note there is not a specific list or number of sight words students must learn. In order to build a personal word bank, students will develop the ability to read their own names and common high-frequency words in context.
- Teachers need to read texts aloud to model language and introduce students to new words, expand working vocabularies, and improve comprehension.
- Please note although the strands are developed separately, teachers should seamlessly integrate all strands.
o Thematic units are one approach.
o Teachers should have students write about what they have read.
All students should:
· understand that vocabulary is made up of words and that words have meaning
· understand that learning new words enhances communication
· understand that word choice makes communication clearer
· understand that information can be gained by asking about words not understood.
To be successful with this standard, students are expected to:
K.7a1 discuss meanings of specific words using synonyms and antonyms (e.g., This giraffe is tall. He can eat leaves on a tree. If he were short, he couldn’t reach his food.)
K.7a2 identify new meanings for familiar words and apply them accurately (e.g., knowing water as a drink and learning the verb water the flowers)
K.7a3 sort common objects into categories (e.g., shapes, foods) to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent
K.7g1 use common adjectives to distinguish objects (e.g., the small red square; the shy white cat). (Students are not required to know the term adjective at this level.)
K.7d1 ask and respond to questions about unknown words in a text
K.7a4 identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., places that are loud)
K.7c1 use newly learned words in literacy tasks
K.7e1 use number words in conversations
K.7f1 use words to describe or name people, places, feelings, and things
K.7g2 use size, shape, color, and spatial words to describe people, places, and things
K.7g3 use words to show direction and location (e.g., on, off, in, out, over, under, between, and beside)
K.7d2 recognize when they do not understand a word or phrase and seek clarification