Reading - 2019-20

K.4 - Organize and Read Print

K.4 The student will understand how print is organized and read.

a)  Hold print materials in the correct position.

b)  Identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book.

c)  Distinguish between print and pictures.

d)  Follow words from left to right and from top to bottom on a printed page.

e)  Match voice with print.

Adopted: 2017


  • Because, if I read the book backwards or upside down, the letters won’t make words, and the words won’ make sentences that make sense.


The kindergarten student will be immersed in a text -rich environment to develop phonological awareness, phonemic awareness, vocabulary, comprehension, and an appreciation for reading. The exposure to fiction and nonfiction texts will enable students to develop an awareness of reading materials as sources of information and enjoyment.  Students will learn to identify and name the capital and lowercase letters of the alphabet, understand that letters represent sounds, and identify initial and final consonant sounds in one syllable words The kindergarten student will expand both listening and speaking vocabularies. They will also learn to comprehend and think creatively as they relate stories through drama, retelling, drawing, and their own writing. Teachers will encourage the development of reading skills that are foundational to effective comprehension and critical thinking. These skills are essential for success in future postsecondary education and the workplace.

Teacher Notes:

  • Teachers should teach the concepts of print, basic phonetic principles, comprehension of stories, and letter identification skills through systematic, direct instruction, individual and small group activities, and time spent exploring and reading books and other print material.
  • Please note there is not a specific list or number of sight words students must learn.  In order to build a personal word bank, students will develop the ability to read their own names and common high-frequency words in context.
  • Teachers need to read texts aloud to model language and introduce students to new words, expand working vocabularies, and improve comprehension.
  • Please note although the strands are developed separately, teachers should seamlessly integrate all strands.

o  Thematic units are one approach.

o  Teachers should have students write about what they have read.


All students should:

·  understand that all print materials in English follow similar patterns.

·  understand that there is a one-to-one correspondence between the spoken and written word.

To be successful with this standard, students are expected to:

K.4a1  hold printed material the correct way.

K.4b1  identify the front and back covers of a book.

K.4b2  distinguish the title page from all the other pages in a book.

K.4a2  turn pages appropriately. 

K.4d1  follow text with a finger, pointing to each word as it is read from left to right and top to bottom.

K.4e1  locate lines of text, words, letters, and spaces.

K.4e2  match voice with print in syllables, words, and phrases.

K.4e3  locate and name periods, question marks, and exclamation points.

Updated: Mar 26, 2019