Reading - 2019-20
K.1 - Oral Communication
K.1 The student will build oral communication skills.
a) Listen actively and speak using agreed-upon rules for discussion.
b) Express ideas in complete sentences and express needs through direct requests.
c) Initiate conversations.
d) Follow implicit rules for conversation, including taking turns and staying on topic.
e) Listen and speak in informal conversations with peers and adults.
f) Discuss various texts and topics collaboratively and with partners.
g) Use voice level, phrasing, and intonation appropriate for various language situations.
h) Follow one- and two-step directions.
i) Ask how and why questions to seek help, get information, or clarify information.
j) Work respectfully with others.
- So that I am able to tell my teacher why I am feeling sad.
- So that my friends and I can talk to each other to solve problems.
- Because, when I spill my milk at lunch, if I just say “milk”, my teacher won’t understand what I need. When I say “I’ve spilled my milk,” the teacher will be able to help me clean it up.
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
At the kindergarten level, students will develop their understanding of language and enhance their ability to communicate effectively. Emphasis will be placed on having the students build and use listening and speaking vocabularies through participation in oral language activities employing poems, rhymes, songs, and stories. Students will learn rules for conversation, and skills for participation in discussions, and how to work respectfully with others. Teachers will encourage the development of interpersonal skills that are foundational to effective communication and collaboration. These skills are essential for success in future postsecondary education and the workplace.
· Teachers should provide daily opportunities for student communication and participation in oral language activities in a variety of settings.
· Multimodal is the strategic use of two or more interdependent modes of communication where both modes are essential to convey the intended message. For example: graphics, written language, moving images, music, audio, presentation technologies, movement, etc.
All students should:
· understand that communication includes expressing needs, asking questions, and sharing information.
· understand that conversation is interactive.
· understand that the setting influences rules for communication.
To be successful with this standard, students are expected to:
K.1b1 speak audibly in complete sentences, expressing thoughts, feelings and ideas clearly.
K.1f1 participate in a range of collaborative discussions building on others’ ideas and clearly expressing thoughts and opinions.
K.1c1 initiate conversations with peers and teachers in a variety of school settings.
K.1ae1 listen actively to others in a variety of formal and informal settings involving peers and adults.
K.1d1 wait for a turn to speak, allowing others to speak without unnecessary interruptions.
K.1d2 maintain conversation on topic through multiple exchanges.
K.1g1 match language to the purpose, situation, environment, and audience.
K.1h1 repeat and follow one- and two-step oral directions.