Social Studies - 2019-20

WHII.15a - Major World Religions

The student will apply social science skills to understand the influence of Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, and Hinduism in the contemporary world by

a) describing their beliefs, sacred writings, traditions, and customs;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Five world religions have had a profound impact on culture and civilization.

ESSENTIALS

Judaism

 Monotheism

 Ten Commandments of moral and religious conduct

 Torah: Written records and beliefs of the Jews


Christianity

 Monotheism

 Jesus as Son of God

 Life after death

 New Testament: Life and teachings of Jesus

 Establishment of Christian doctrines by early church councils


Islam

 Monotheism

 Muhammad, the prophet

 Qur’an (Koran)

 Five Pillars of Islam

 Mecca and Medina


Buddhism

 Founder: Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha)

 Four Noble Truths

 Eightfold Path to Enlightenment

 Spread of Buddhism from India to China and other parts of Asia, resulting from Asoka’s missionaries and their writings


Hinduism

 Many forms of one God

 Reincarnation: Rebirth based upon karma

 Karma: Knowledge that all thoughts and actions result in future consequences

 Spread of Hinduism from India throughout the world


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms:

Monotheism

Polytheism

Torah

Bible

Messiah

Qur’an (Koran)

Five Pillars

Reincarnation

Karma

Vedas

Four Noble Truths

Eightfold Path

Nirvana

People:

Abraham

Hebrews

Jesus

Allah

Muhammad

Muslims

Siddhartha Gautama

Buddha

Asoka

Places:

Middle East

Jerusalem

Saudi Arabia

Mecca

Medina

India

China

Updated: Jun 01, 2018