Social Studies - 2019-20

WHII.13c - Middle East Independence Movements

The student will apply social science skills to understand the political, economic, social, and cultural aspects of independence movements and development efforts by

c) describing the end of the mandate system and the creation of states in the Middle East, including the roles of Golda Meir and Gamal Abdel Nasser.


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The mandate system established after World War I was phased out after World War II. With the end of the mandates, new states were created in the Middle East.

ESSENTIALS

Mandates in the Middle East

 Established by the League of Nations

 Granted independence after World War II

 Resulted in Middle East conflicts created by nationalist aspirations, limited resources, and religious differences


French mandates in the Middle East

 Syria

 Lebanon


British mandates in the Middle East

 Palestine (included the land that became Jordan and Israel)

 Iraq


Golda Meir

 Prime Minister of Israel

 Became a leader during the mandate period and prime minister of Israel in 1969

 After initial setbacks, led Israel to victory in Yom Kippur War

 Sought support of the United States


Gamal Abdel Nasser

 President of Egypt

 Gained full independence from Britain in 1956 and became the leader of Pan-Arab nationalism

 Nationalized the Suez Canal

 Established relationship with the Soviet Union

 Built the Aswan High Dam

KEY VOCABULARY

Terms:

Indian Independence

Passive resistance/civil disobedience

Apartheid

Aswan High Dam

People:

Mohandas Gandi

Jawaharlal Nehru

Indira Gandhi

Jomo Kenyatta

Golda Meir

Gamel Nasser

Nelson Mandela

Places:

India

Egypt

Israel

South Africa

Kenya

Pakistan

Bangladesh

Updated: Jun 01, 2018