Social Studies - 2019-20

WHII.13b - African Independence Movements

The student will apply social science skills to understand the political, economic, social, and cultural aspects of independence movements and development efforts by

b) describing Africa’s independence movements, including Jomo Kenyatta’s leadership of Kenya and Nelson Mandela’s role in South Africa;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The charter of the United Nations guaranteed colonial populations the right to self-determination.

Independence movements in Africa challenged European imperialism.


ESSENTIALS

The independence movement in Africa

 Right to self-determination (United Nations charter)

 Peaceful and violent revolutions after World War II

 Pride in African cultures and heritage

 Resentment of imperial rule and economic exploitation

 Loss of colonies by Great Britain, France, Belgium, and Portugal; influence of superpower rivalry during the Cold War


Examples of independence movements and subsequent development efforts

 West Africa: Peaceful transition

 Algeria: War of Independence from France

 Kenya (Britain): Violent struggle under leadership of Jomo Kenyatta

 South Africa: Black South Africans’ struggle against apartheid led by Nelson Mandela, who became the first black president of the Republic of South Africa


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms:

Indian Independence

Passive resistance/civil disobedience

Apartheid

Aswan High Dam

People:

Mohandas Gandi

Jawaharlal Nehru

Indira Gandhi

Jomo Kenyatta

Golda Meir

Gamel Nasser

Nelson Mandela

Places:

India

Egypt

Israel

South Africa

Kenya

Pakistan

Bangladesh

Updated: Jun 01, 2018