Social Studies - 2019-20
WHII.13a - Indian Independence Movements
The student will apply social science skills to understand the political, economic, social, and cultural aspects of independence movements and development efforts by
a) describing the struggles for self-rule, including Gandhi’s leadership in India and the development of India’s democracy;
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
British policies and India’s demand for self-rule led to the rise of the Indian independence movement, resulting in the creation of new states in the Indian subcontinent.
The Republic of India, a democratic nation, developed after the country gained independence.
Regional setting for the Indian independence movement
Pakistan (formerly West Pakistan)
Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan)
Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon)
Evolution of the Indian independence movement
British rule in India
Indian National Congress
Leadership of Mohandas Gandhi
Role of civil disobedience and passive resistance
Political division along Hindu-Muslim lines—Pakistan/India
Republic of India
World’s largest democratic nation
Federal system, giving many powers to the states
Jawaharlal Nehru, a close associate of Gandhi, supported Western-style industrialization.
The 1950 Constitution sought to prohibit caste discrimination.
Ethnic and religious differences caused problems in the development of India as a democratic nation.
New economic development has helped to ease financial problems of the nation.
Passive resistance/civil disobedience
Aswan High Dam