Social Studies - 2019-20

WHII.13a - Indian Independence Movements

The student will apply social science skills to understand the political, economic, social, and cultural aspects of independence movements and development efforts by

a) describing the struggles for self-rule, including Gandhi’s leadership in India and the development of India’s democracy;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

British policies and India’s demand for self-rule led to the rise of the Indian independence movement, resulting in the creation of new states in the Indian subcontinent.

The Republic of India, a democratic nation, developed after the country gained independence.


ESSENTIALS

Regional setting for the Indian independence movement

 Indian subcontinent

 British India

 India

 Pakistan (formerly West Pakistan)

 Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan)

 Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon)


Evolution of the Indian independence movement

 British rule in India

 Indian National Congress

 Leadership of Mohandas Gandhi

 Role of civil disobedience and passive resistance

 Political division along Hindu-Muslim lines—Pakistan/India

 Republic of India

 World’s largest democratic nation

 Federal system, giving many powers to the states


Indian democracy

 Jawaharlal Nehru, a close associate of Gandhi, supported Western-style industrialization.

 The 1950 Constitution sought to prohibit caste discrimination.

 Ethnic and religious differences caused problems in the development of India as a democratic nation.

 New economic development has helped to ease financial problems of the nation.


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms:

Indian Independence

Passive resistance/civil disobedience

Apartheid

Aswan High Dam

People:

Mohandas Gandi

Jawaharlal Nehru

Indira Gandhi

Jomo Kenyatta

Golda Meir

Gamel Nasser

Nelson Mandela

Places:

India

Egypt

Israel

South Africa

Kenya

Pakistan

Bangladesh

Updated: Jun 01, 2018