Social Studies - 2019-20

WHII.12d - Cold War Leaders

The student will apply social science skills to understand the conflicts during the second half of the twentieth century by

d) examining the political and economic shifts that led to the end of the Cold War, with emphasis on Margaret Thatcher, Mikhail Gorbachev, and Ronald Reagan.


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

World leaders made major contributions to events in the second half of the twentieth century.

ESSENTIALS

Margaret Thatcher

 British prime minister

 Free trade and less government regulation of business

 Close relationship with United States and U.S. foreign policy

 Assertion of United Kingdom’s military power


Mikhail Gorbachev

 Glasnost and perestroika

 Fall of the Berlin Wall

 Last president of the Soviet Union


Ronald Reagan

 Strategic Defense Initiative (Star Wars)

 Fall of the Berlin Wall

 Conservative economic policy

KEY VOCABULARY

Cold War

Marshall Plan

Truman Doctrine

Containment

NATO

Warsaw Pact

Berlin Wall

Cuban Missile Crisis

Iron Curtain

Korean War

Vietnam War

Arms Race

Mutual Destruction

Chinese Civil War

Theory of Deterrence

People:

Harry Truman

Ronald Reagan

Mikhail Gorbachev

Mao Zedong

Chiang Kai-shek

Ho Chi Minh

Places:

United States

Soviet Union

China

Taiwan

Korea

Vietnam

Cuba

Updated: Jun 01, 2018