Social Studies - 2019-20

WHII.12c - Major Movements in Asia

The student will apply social science skills to understand the conflicts during the second half of the twentieth century by

c) describing conflicts and revolutionary movements in Asia and their major leaders, including Mao Tse-tung (Zedong), Chiang Kai-shek, Deng Xiaoping, and Ho Chi Minh;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

After World War II, the United States pursued a policy of containment against communism. This policy included the development of regional alliances against Soviet and Chinese aggression. The Cold War led to armed conflict in Korea and Vietnam.

Communism continues to influence China and Vietnam today.


ESSENTIALS

Term to know

 containment: A policy for preventing the expansion of communism


Major movements in China

 Division of China into two nations at the end of the Chinese civil war

 Chiang Kai-shek (Jiang Jieshi): Nationalist China (island of Taiwan)

 Mao Tse-tung (Mao Zedong): Communist China (mainland China)

 Continuing conflict between the two Chinas

 Communist China’s participation in Korean War

 Deng Xiaoping: Continued communist control of government, reformed Communist China’s economy to allow elements of a market economy and rapid economic growth


Conflicts and revolutionary movements in Vietnam

 Role of French Imperialism

 Leadership of Ho Chi Minh

 Vietnam as a divided nation

 Influence of policy of containment

 The United States and the Vietnam War

 Vietnam as a reunited communist country today

KEY VOCABULARY

Terms:

Cold War

Marshall Plan

Truman Doctrine

Containment

NATO

Warsaw Pact

Berlin Wall

Cuban Missile Crisis

Iron Curtain

Korean War

Vietnam War

Arms Race

Mutual Destruction

Chinese Civil War

Theory of Deterrence

People:

Harry Truman

Ronald Reagan

Mikhail Gorbachev

Mao Zedong

Chiang Kai-shek

Ho Chi Minh

Places:

United States

Soviet Union

China

Taiwan

Korea

Vietnam

Cuba

Updated: Jun 01, 2018