Social Studies - 2019-20

WHII.12a, b - Cold War

The student will apply social science skills to understand the conflicts during the second half of the twentieth century by

a) explaining the causes of the Cold War, including the competition between the American and Soviet economic and political systems and the causes of the collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe;

b) describing the major leaders and events of the Cold War, including the location of major conflicts;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Competition between the United States and the U.S.S.R. laid the foundation for the Cold War.

The Cold War influenced the policies of the United States and the U.S.S.R. toward other nations and conflicts around the world.

The presence of nuclear weapons has influenced patterns of conflict and cooperation since 1945.

Communism failed as an economic system in the Soviet Union and elsewhere.


ESSENTIALS

Causes of the Cold War (1945–1948)

 The Yalta Conference and the Soviet control of Eastern Europe

 Rivalry between the United States and the U.S.S.R.

 Democracy and the free enterprise system vs. dictatorship and communism

 President Truman and the policy of containment

 Eastern Europe: Soviet satellite nations, the Iron Curtain


Events of the Cold War (1948–1989)

 Creation of opposing alliances: North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) vs. Warsaw Pact

 Korean War

 Vietnam War

 Berlin and the significance of the Berlin Wall

 Cuban Missile Crisis

 Development of nuclear weapons and the theory of deterrence


Causes of the collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe

 Soviet economic collapse

 Nationalism in Warsaw Pact countries

 Tearing down of the Berlin Wall

 Breakup of the Soviet Union

 Expansion of NATO

KEY VOCABULARY

Terms:

Cold War

Marshall Plan

Truman Doctrine

Containment

NATO

Warsaw Pact

Berlin Wall

Cuban Missile Crisis

Iron Curtain

Korean War

Vietnam War

Arms Race

Mutual Destruction

Chinese Civil War

Theory of Deterrence

People:

Harry Truman

Ronald Reagan

Mikhail Gorbachev

Mao Zedong

Chiang Kai-shek

Ho Chi Minh

Places:

United States

Soviet Union

China

Taiwan

Korea

Vietnam

Cuba

Updated: Jun 01, 2018