Social Studies - 2019-20

WHII.11e - Outcomes of World War II

The student will apply social science skills to understand World War II and its worldwide impact by

e) examining the effects of the war, with emphasis on the terms of the peace, the war crimes trials, the division of Europe, plans to rebuild Germany and Japan, and the creation of international cooperative organizations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948).


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The outcomes of World War II included the war crimes trials, the division of Europe, plans to rebuild Germany and Japan, and the establishment of international cooperative organizations.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was issued in 1948 to protect the “inherent dignity and…the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family…


ESSENTIALS

Outcomes of World War II

 Loss of empires by European powers

 Establishment of two major powers in the world: The United States and the U.S.S.R.

 War crimes trials

 Division of Europe, Iron Curtain

 Establishment of the United Nations

 The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

 Marshall Plan

 Formation of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and Warsaw Pact


Efforts for reconstruction of Germany

 Democratic government installed in West Germany and West Berlin

 Germany and Berlin divided among the four Allied powers

 Emergence of West Germany as an economic power in postwar Europe


Efforts for reconstruction of Japan

 United States occupation of Japan under MacArthur’s administration

 Democracy and economic development

 Elimination of Japan’s military offensive capabilities; guarantee of Japan’s security by the United States

 Emergence of Japan as dominant economy in Asia


International cooperative organizations

 United Nations

 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

 Warsaw Pact


The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

 Established and adopted by members of the United Nations

 Provided a code of conduct for the treatment of people under the protection of their government


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms:

Appeasement

Blitzkrieg

Yalta Conference

United Nations

Superpowers

Atomic Bomb

Axis Powers

Allied Powers

Genocide

Anti-Semitism

Holocaust

Armenian Genocide

Great Purge

People:

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Harry S. Truman

Dwight D Eisenhower

Douglas MacArthur

Winston Churchill

George Marshall

Allies

Axis

Places:

Japan

Italy

Germany

Soviet Union

Israel

Updated: Jun 01, 2018