Social Studies - 2019-20

WHII.10f - Rise of Totalitarianism

The student will apply social science skills to understand World War I and its worldwide impact by

f) examining the rise of totalitarianism.


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

A communist dictatorship was continued by Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union.

Depression weakened Western democracies, making it difficult for them to challenge the threat of totalitarianism.


ESSENTIALS

U.S.S.R. during the Interwar Period—Joseph Stalin

 Entrenchment of communism

 Stalin’s policies: Five-year plans, collectivization of farms, state industrialization, secret police

 Great Purge


Germany during the Interwar Period—Adolf Hitler

 Inflation and depression

 Democratic government weakened

 Anti-Semitism

 Extreme nationalism

 National Socialism (Nazism)

 German occupation of nearby countries

 Final solution: Extermination camps, gas chambers


Italy during the Interwar Period—Benito Mussolini

 Rise of fascism

 Ambition to restore the glory of Rome

 Invasion of Ethiopia


Japan during the Interwar Period—Hirohito and Hideki Tojo

 Militarism

 Industrialization of Japan, leading to drive for raw materials

 Invasion of Korea, Manchuria, and the rest of China


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms:

Great Depression

Totalitarianism

Fascism

Nazi Party

Five Year Plans

Great Purge

Collectivization

Protective tariff

People:

Hitler

Mussolini

Stalin

Tojo

Places:

Germany

Italy

Soviet Union

Japan

Updated: Jun 01, 2018