Social Studies - 2019-20
WHII.10f - Rise of Totalitarianism
The student will apply social science skills to understand World War I and its worldwide impact by
f) examining the rise of totalitarianism.
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
A communist dictatorship was continued by Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union.
Depression weakened Western democracies, making it difficult for them to challenge the threat of totalitarianism.
U.S.S.R. during the Interwar Period—Joseph Stalin
Entrenchment of communism
Stalin’s policies: Five-year plans, collectivization of farms, state industrialization, secret police
Germany during the Interwar Period—Adolf Hitler
Inflation and depression
Democratic government weakened
National Socialism (Nazism)
German occupation of nearby countries
Final solution: Extermination camps, gas chambers
Italy during the Interwar Period—Benito Mussolini
Rise of fascism
Ambition to restore the glory of Rome
Invasion of Ethiopia
Japan during the Interwar Period—Hirohito and Hideki Tojo
Industrialization of Japan, leading to drive for raw materials
Invasion of Korea, Manchuria, and the rest of China
Five Year Plans