Social Studies - 2019-20

WHII.10c - Treaty of Versailles, League of Nations, Mandate System

The student will apply social science skills to understand World War I and its worldwide impact by

c) analyzing and explaining the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and the actions of the League of Nations, with emphasis on the mandate system;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The war transformed European and American life, wrecked the economies of Europe, and planted the seeds for a second world war.

The League of Nations was intended to provide a forum for resolving international disputes.

The mandate system gave broad authority to the mandate powers regarding preparation for self-rule.


ESSENTIALS

Outcomes and global effect

 Colonies’ participation in the war, which increased demands for independence

 End of the Russian Imperial, Ottoman, German, and Austro-Hungarian empires

 Enormous cost of the war in lives, property, and social disruption


Treaty of Versailles

 Forced Germany to accept responsibility for war and loss of territory and to pay reparations

 Limited the German military

 League of Nations


League of Nations

 International cooperative organization

 Established to prevent future wars

 United States not a member

 Failure of the League because it did not have power to enforce its decisions


The mandate system

 During World War I, Great Britain and France agreed to divide large portions of the Ottoman Empire in the Middle East between themselves.

 The division of the Ottoman Empire through the mandate system planted the seeds for future conflicts in the Middle East.


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms:

Imperialism

Militarism

Nationalism

Alliances

Triple Alliance

Triple Entente

Lusitania

Zimmerman Telegram

Coup d’etat

New Economic Policy

Treaty of Versailles

Wilson’s 14 Points

League of Nations

Mandate System

People:

Archduke Ferdinand

Gavrilo Princip (Black Hand)

Czar (Tsar) Nicholas II

Bolsheviks

Vladimir Lenin

Kaiser Wilhelm II

Woodrow Wilson

Places:

Serbia

Sarajevo

Austria-Hungary

Russia

Germany

England

United States

Updated: Jun 01, 2018