Social Studies - 2019-20

WHII.9d - European Imperialism

The student will apply social science skills to understand global interactions between 1800 to about 1900 by

d) assessing the impact of European colonization and imperialism on Asia, Africa, the Pacific Islands, and Australia;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Industrial nations in Europe needed natural resources and markets to expand their economies.

These nations competed to control Africa, Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands in order to secure their own economic and political success.

Imperialism spread economic, political, and social philosophies of Europe and the United States throughout the world.

Resistance to imperialism took many forms, including armed conflict and intellectual movements.


ESSENTIALS

Forms of imperialism

 Colonies

 Protectorates

 Spheres of influence


Imperialism in Africa and Asia

 European domination

 European conflicts carried to the colonies

 Christian missionary efforts

 Spheres of influence in China

 Suez Canal

 East India Company’s domination of Indian states

 America’s opening of Japan to trade


Imperialism in the Pacific Islands

 European and American domination

 Motivated by a desire to control islands on the way to Asia for refueling and supplies

 Colonial powers wanted to control trade and production of raw materials in the islands


Imperialism in Australia

 Became a colony of Britain

 Originated as a penal colony for Britain

 Australia provided Britain with resources and other benefits


Responses of colonized peoples

 Armed conflicts (e.g., events leading to the Boxer Rebellion in China)

 Rise of nationalism (e.g., first Indian nationalist party founded in the mid-1800s)

KEY VOCABULARY

Terms:

Imperialism

Colony (settlement and dependent)

Protectorate

Sphere of Influence

missionaries

Suez Canal

Panama Canal

British East India Co.

Boxer Rebellion

Sepoy Rebellion

Indian Nationalist Party

Open Door Policy

People:

Commodore Matthew Perry

 

Places:

Africa

China

India

France

Great Britain

United States

Updated: Jun 01, 2018