Social Studies - 2019-20
WHII.9d - European Imperialism
The student will apply social science skills to understand global interactions between 1800 to about 1900 by
d) assessing the impact of European colonization and imperialism on Asia, Africa, the Pacific Islands, and Australia;
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
Industrial nations in Europe needed natural resources and markets to expand their economies.
These nations competed to control Africa, Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands in order to secure their own economic and political success.
Imperialism spread economic, political, and social philosophies of Europe and the United States throughout the world.
Resistance to imperialism took many forms, including armed conflict and intellectual movements.
Forms of imperialism
Spheres of influence
Imperialism in Africa and Asia
European conflicts carried to the colonies
Christian missionary efforts
Spheres of influence in China
East India Company’s domination of Indian states
America’s opening of Japan to trade
Imperialism in the Pacific Islands
European and American domination
Motivated by a desire to control islands on the way to Asia for refueling and supplies
Colonial powers wanted to control trade and production of raw materials in the islands
Imperialism in Australia
Became a colony of Britain
Originated as a penal colony for Britain
Australia provided Britain with resources and other benefits
Responses of colonized peoples
Armed conflicts (e.g., events leading to the Boxer Rebellion in China)
Rise of nationalism (e.g., first Indian nationalist party founded in the mid-1800s)
Colony (settlement and dependent)
Sphere of Influence
British East India Co.
Indian Nationalist Party
Open Door Policy
Commodore Matthew Perry
Great BritainUnited States