Social Studies - 2019-20

WHII.9b - Latin American Revolutions

The student will apply social science skills to understand global interactions between 1800 to about 1900 by

b) locating Latin America, explaining the causes and effects of the revolutions, with emphasis on the contributions of Toussaint L’Ouverture and Simón Bolívar, and identifying the impact of the American and French Revolutions on Latin America;

Adopted: 2015


How did new ideas spark change and conflict in the late 18th and throughout the 19th centuries?


The American and French Revolutions took place in the late 1700s. Within 20 years, the ideas and examples of these revolutions influenced the people of Latin America to establish independent nations, most notably in Haiti and Mexico.


Location of Latin America

 Latin America is located in the Western Hemisphere, south of the United States. It includes Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean Islands.

Causes of revolutions in Latin America

 Rigid social class system established by colonial powers

 Centralized rule by colonial powers

 Increase of nationalism

 Increasingly educated creole middle class

 Influence of the Enlightenment and the American and French Revolutions on Latin America

Contributions of Toussaint L’Ouverture

 Former slave who led the Haitian rebellion against the French

 Defeated the armies of three foreign powers (Spain, France, Britain)

 Enslaved Haitians rebelled, abolished slavery, and won independence

Contributions of Simón Bolívar

 Native resident who led revolutionary efforts

 Liberated the northern areas of Latin America

Effects of Latin American revolutions

 French, Spanish, and Portuguese colonies gained independence

 Selected countries gained independence during the 1800s (Mexico, Haiti, Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil)







Monroe Doctrine


Independence or liberation in 1800s

Haiti - Toussaint L’Ouverture

Mexico - Father Miguel Hidalgo

Colombia & Venezuela – Simon Bolivar

Updated: Jun 01, 2018