Social Studies - 2019-20

WHII.8e,f - Unification of Italy and Germany

The student will apply social science skills to understand the changes in European nations between 1800 and 1900 by

e) explaining the events related to the unification of Italy and the role of Italian nationalism; and

f) explaining the events related to the unification of Germany and the role of Bismarck.


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

How did new ideas spark change and conflict in the late 18th and throughout the 19th centuries?

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The national unification of Italy and Germany altered the balance of power in Europe and touched off new rivalries with other European states.

ESSENTIALS

Unification of Italy

 Count Cavour unified northern Italy.

 Giuseppe Garibaldi joined southern Italy to northern Italy.

 The Papal States (including Rome) became the last to join Italy.


Unification of Germany

 Otto von Bismarck led Prussia in the unification of Germany through war and by appealing to nationalist feelings.

 Bismarck’s actions were seen as an example of Realpolitik, which justifies all means to achieve and hold power.

 The Franco-Prussian War led to the creation of the German state.

KEY VOCABULARY

Terms:

Revolutions of 1848

Realpolitik

Franco-Prussian War

People:

Count Cavor

Giuseppe Garibaldi

Otto Von Bismark

Places:

Vatican

Italy

Germany

Austria-Hungary

France

Updated: Jun 01, 2018