Social Studies - 2019-20
WHII.8e,f - Unification of Italy and Germany
The student will apply social science skills to understand the changes in European nations between 1800 and 1900 by
e) explaining the events related to the unification of Italy and the role of Italian nationalism; and
f) explaining the events related to the unification of Germany and the role of Bismarck.
How did new ideas spark change and conflict in the late 18th and throughout the 19th centuries?
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
The national unification of Italy and Germany altered the balance of power in Europe and touched off new rivalries with other European states.
Unification of Italy
Count Cavour unified northern Italy.
Giuseppe Garibaldi joined southern Italy to northern Italy.
The Papal States (including Rome) became the last to join Italy.
Unification of Germany
Otto von Bismarck led Prussia in the unification of Germany through war and by appealing to nationalist feelings.
Bismarck’s actions were seen as an example of Realpolitik, which justifies all means to achieve and hold power.
The Franco-Prussian War led to the creation of the German state.
Revolutions of 1848
Otto Von Bismark