Social Studies - 2019-20
WHII.8c - Effect of Industrialization on Economic and Political Systems
The student will apply social science skills to understand the changes in European nations between 1800 and 1900 by
c) describing how industrialization affected economic and political systems in Europe, with emphasis on the slave trade and the labor union movement;
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
Technology developed during the Industrial Revolution. The development of new products created a higher demand for labor.
Later reforms would try to improve working conditions and to eliminate the practice of slavery.
Workers organized labor unions to fight for improved working conditions and workers’ rights.
Capitalism and market competition fueled the Industrial Revolution. Wealth increased the standard of living for some.
Impact of the Industrial Revolution on slavery
The cotton gin increased demand for slave labor on American plantations.
The United States and Britain outlawed the slave trade and then slavery.
The rise of labor unions
Encouraged worker-organized strikes to demand increased wages and improved working conditions
Lobbied for laws to improve the lives of workers, including women and children
Wanted workers’ rights and collective bargaining between labor and management
Adam Smith’s The Wealth of Nations
Role of market competition and entrepreneurial abilities
Impact on standard of living and the growth of the middle class
Dissatisfaction with poor working conditions and the unequal distribution of wealth in society
Socialism and communism
Karl Marx’s The Communist Manifesto (written with Friedrich Engels) and Das Kapital
Response to the injustices of capitalism
Importance to communists of redistribution of wealth
domestic system/ cottage industry raw materials
standard of living
Bessemer (steel) process
germ theory (bacteria)
Wealth of Nations
distribution of wealth
Communist Manifesto &
harsh working conditions
Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels