Social Studies - 2019-20

WHII.8b - Advancements, Impacts, Nature of Work, and Social Effects of the Industrial Revolution

The student will apply social science skills to understand the changes in European nations between 1800 and 1900 by

b) analyzing the effects of the Industrial Revolution on society and culture, with emphasis on the evolution of the nature of work and the labor force, including its effects on families and the status of women and children;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Agricultural economies were based on the family unit. The Industrial Revolution had a significant impact on the structure and function of the family.

The Industrial Revolution placed new demands on the labor of men, women, and children.

The Industrial Revolution impacted society through advancements in science and medicine.

There were many social effects of the Industrial Revolution.


ESSENTIALS

Advancements in science and medicine

 Edward Jenner: Development of smallpox vaccination

 Louis Pasteur: Discovery of bacteria


Impacts of the Industrial Revolution on industrialized countries

 Population increase

 Increased standards of living for many but not all

 Improved transportation

 Urbanization

 Environmental pollution

 Increased education

 Dissatisfaction of the working class with working conditions

 Growth of the middle class


The nature of work in the factory system

 Family-based cottage industries displaced by the factory system

 Harsh working conditions with men competing with women and children for wages

 Child labor that kept costs of production low and profits high

 Owners of mines and factories who exercised considerable control over the lives of their laborers


Social effects of the Industrial Revolution

 Women and children entering the workplace as cheap labor

 Introduction of reforms to end child labor

 Expansion of education

 Women’s increased demands for suffrage

KEY VOCABULARY

Terms:

enclosure movement

mining

steam engine

textiles

factory system

domestic system/ cottage industry raw materials

standard of living

urbanization

middle class

spinning jenny

steam engine

cotton gin

Bessemer (steel) process 

smallpox vaccination 

germ theory (bacteria)

Wealth of Nations

Competition

Entrepreneur

demand

distribution of wealth

supply

capitalism

communism

socialism

Communist Manifesto &

Das Kapital

child labor

harsh working conditions

suffrage

unions

strike

collective bargain

labor

management

reforms

People:

Louis Pasteur

James Hargreaves

James Watt

Eli Whitney

Henry Bessemer

Edward Jenner

Adam Smith

Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels

Places:

Great Britain

France

Germany

United States

Japan

Updated: Jun 01, 2018