Social Studies - 2019-20

WHII.8a - Industrial Revolution

The student will apply social science skills to understand the changes in European nations between 1800 and 1900 by

a) explaining the roles of resources, capital, and entrepreneurship in developing an industrial economy;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The Industrial Revolution began in England and spread to the rest of Western Europe and the United States.

The Industrial Revolution began in England because of its abundant resources, available capital, and development of entrepreneurship.

Advancements in technology influenced the start of the Industrial Revolution.


ESSENTIALS

Industrial Revolution

 Originated in England because of its natural resources (e.g., coal, iron ore) and the invention and improvement of the steam engine

 Spread to Europe and the United States (resources)

 Role of cotton, textile, iron, and steel industries (resources)

 Relationship to the British Enclosure Movement (entrepreneurship)

 Rise of the factory system and demise of cottage industries (entrepreneurship)

 Rising economic powers that wanted to control raw materials and markets throughout the world (capital)


Technological advances that produced the Industrial Revolution

 James Hargreaves: Spinning jenny

 James Watt: Steam engine

 Eli Whitney: Cotton gin

 Henry Bessemer: Process for making steel

KEY VOCABULARY

Terms:

enclosure movement

mining

steam engine

textiles

factory system

domestic system/ cottage industry raw materials

standard of living

urbanization

middle class

spinning jenny

steam engine

cotton gin

Bessemer (steel) process 

smallpox vaccination 

germ theory (bacteria)

Wealth of Nations

Competition

Entrepreneur

demand

distribution of wealth

supply

capitalism

communism

socialism

Communist Manifesto &

Das Kapital

child labor

harsh working conditions

suffrage

unions

strike

collective bargain

labor

management

reforms

People:

Louis Pasteur

James Hargreaves

James Watt

Eli Whitney

Henry Bessemer

Edward Jenner

Adam Smith

Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels

Places:

Great Britain

France

Germany

United States

Japan

Updated: Jun 01, 2018