Social Studies - 2019-20

WHII.7d - Political and Economic Systems in African Societies

The student will demonstrate an understanding of the political, cultural, geographic, and economic conditions in sub-Saharan Africa from about 1500 A.D. (C.E.) to about 1800 A.D. (C.E.) by

d) explaining the development of political and economic systems in African societies.


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Between about 1500 A.D. (C.E.) and about 1800 A.D. (C.E.), the major African empires had a variety of political and economic systems.

ESSENTIALS

Political and economic systems in African societies

 Songhai

o Political system: Ruled by an absolute monarch who commanded the military and controlled an imperial bureaucracy

o Economic system: Economy based on trade of slaves and gold to North Africa across the Sahara Desert and overseas

 Asante (Ashanti)

o Political system: Elimination of clan tradition in favor of a unified government under a central leader

o Economic system: Economy based on trade of slaves and gold to North Africa across the Sahara Desert and overseas

 Ethiopia

o Political system: Ruled by a monarch centered on Christianity

o Economic system: Economy based on trade of gold, ivory, and frankincense across the Sahara Desert and overseas

 Kongo

o Political system: Ruled by a monarch with centralized power over a bureaucracy

o Economic system: Economy based on agriculture, metallurgy, and trade of ivory and slaves

 Zulu

o Political system: Ruled by a monarch with centralized power over a bureaucracy

o Economic system: Economy based entirely on agriculture and livestock


KEY VOCABULARY

Updated: Jun 01, 2018