Social Studies - 2019-20

WHII.5h - Social and Cultural Patterns in Russia

The student will apply social science skills to understand the political, cultural, geographic, and economic conditions in Europe and Russia from about 1500 A.D. (C.E.) to about 1800 A.D. (C.E.) by

h) describing the development of social and cultural patterns in Russia, with emphasis on Peter the Great.

Adopted: 2015



From about 1500 A.D. (C.E.) to about 1800 A.D. (C.E.), Russia was shaped by distinctive social and cultural patterns.

Peter the Great tried to modernize Russia through his policy of “westernization.”


Social and cultural patterns in Russia

 Ethnic diversity

 Religion and Orthodox Church

 Ivan the Terrible

 Peasants and serfdom

 Increasing autocracy

Peter the Great: “Westernization” of Russia

 Peter the Great “westernized” the Russian state and society, transforming political, religious, and cultural institutions.

 Examples of “westernization” included western dress/appearance, moving the capital to St. Petersburg, and modernization of the military and industry.

 Catherine the Great continued the process of “westernization.”


Updated: Jun 01, 2018