Social Studies - 2019-20

WHII.4d - Columbian Exchange + Triangular Trade

The student will apply social science skills to understand the impact of the European Age of Exploration by

d) analyzing how competition for colonies changed the economic system of Europe;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The discovery of the Americas by Europeans resulted in an exchange of products and resources between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres.

ESSENTIALS

Columbian Exchange

 Western Hemisphere agricultural products, such as corn, potatoes, and tobacco, changed European lifestyles.

 European horses and cattle changed the lifestyles of American Indians.

 European diseases, such as smallpox, killed more than half of American Indians.


Impact of the Columbian Exchange

 Shortage of labor to grow cash crops led to the use of African slaves.

 Slavery was based on race.

 The European plantation system in the Caribbean and the Americas destroyed indigenous economics and damaged the environment.


Export of precious metals

 Gold and silver exported to Europe and Asia

 Impact on indigenous empires of the Americas

 Impact on Spain and international trade


Triangular trade

 Linked Europe, Africa, and the Americas

 Slaves, sugar, and rum were traded


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms:

Spices

Gold, Glory, God

Cultural diffusion

Circumnavigation

Conquistador

Colony

Columbian Exchange

Plantation System

Mercantilism

Bullion

Triangular Trade

Middle Passage

Inflation

People:

Prince Henry

Vasco Da Gama

Christopher Columbus

Hernan Cortez

Francisco Pizarro

Ferdinand Magellan

Francis Drake

Jacques Cartier

Places:

Portugal

Spain

Netherlands

France

England

New World

Old World

West Africa

Updated: Jun 01, 2018