Social Studies - 2019-20

WHII.4c - Social and Cultural Influences of European Settlement

The student will apply social science skills to understand the impact of the European Age of Exploration by

c) comparing and contrasting the social and cultural influences of European settlement on Africa, Asia, and the Americas;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

  • How did increased interconnectedness affect the world after the Encounter?

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Europeans migrated to new colonies in the Americas, creating new cultural and social patterns.

ESSENTIALS

Americas

 European emigration to North and South America

 Demise of Aztec and Incan Empires

 Forced migration of Africans who had been enslaved

 Colonies’ imitation of the cultural and social patterns of their parent countries

 Influence of Catholic and Protestant colonists who carried their faith, language, and cultures to new lands

 Religious conversion of indigenous peoples

Africa

 Expansion of the slave trade

 Introduction of firearms to African society

 Destruction of families as a result of the slave trade

 Loss of the fittest members of society to the slave trade

Asia

 European influence was not welcomed

 Conflict over attempts to spread Christianity

 Restrictions on European trade and cultural influence


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms:

Spices

Gold, Glory, God

Cultural diffusion

Circumnavigation

Conquistador

Colony

Columbian Exchange

Plantation System

Mercantilism

Bullion

Triangular Trade

Middle Passage

Inflation

People:

Prince Henry

Vasco Da Gama

Christopher Columbus

Hernan Cortez

Francisco Pizarro

Ferdinand Magellan

Francis Drake

Jacques Cartier

Places:

Portugal

Spain

Netherlands

France

England

New World

Old World

West Africa

Updated: Jun 01, 2018