Social Studies - 2019-20

WHII.4b - European Expansion

The student will apply social science skills to understand the impact of the European Age of Exploration by

b) describing the geographic expansion into Africa, Asia, and the Americas;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

  • How did increased interconnectedness affect the world after the Encounter?

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

European powers sought to establish empires in North, South, and Central America.

European powers sought to establish economic relationships with Africa and Asia.


ESSENTIALS

Americas

 Expansion of the Spanish Empire into South and Central America

 Expansion of the British Empire into North America

 Expansion of the Portuguese Empire into South America

 Expansion of the French Empire into North America


Africa

 Expansion of trade between Europe and Africa (gold, slaves, and other resources)

 European trading posts along the coast


Asia

 Colonization by small groups of merchants (India, the Indies, China)

 Establishment of trading companies (Portuguese, Dutch, British)


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms:

Spices

Gold, Glory, God

Cultural diffusion

Circumnavigation

Conquistador

Colony

Columbian Exchange

Plantation System

Mercantilism

Bullion

Triangular Trade

Middle Passage

Inflation

People:

Prince Henry

Vasco Da Gama

Christopher Columbus

Hernan Cortez

Francisco Pizarro

Ferdinand Magellan

Francis Drake

Jacques Cartier

Places:

Portugal

Spain

Netherlands

France

England

New World

Old World

West Africa

Updated: Jun 01, 2018