Social Studies - 2019-20

WHII.4a - Political and Economic Goals of European Exploration

The student will apply social science skills to understand the impact of the European Age of Exploration by

a) explaining the political and economic goals of European exploration and colonization;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

  • How did increased interconnectedness affect the world after the Encounter?

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The expanding economies of European states stimulated trade with markets in Asia.

ESSENTIALS

Factors contributing to the European discovery of lands in the Western Hemisphere

 Demand for gold, spices, and natural resources in Europe

 Support for the diffusion of Christianity

 Political and economic competition between European empires

 Innovations of European and Islamic origins in navigational arts

 Pioneering role of Prince Henry the Navigator


Establishment of overseas empires and decimation of indigenous populations

 Portugal: Vasco da Gama

 Spain: Christopher Columbus, Hernando Cortez, Francisco Pizarro, Ferdinand Magellan

 England: Francis Drake

 France: Jacques Cartier


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms:

Spices

Gold, Glory, God

Cultural diffusion

Circumnavigation

Conquistador

Colony

Columbian Exchange

Plantation System

Mercantilism

Bullion

Triangular Trade

Middle Passage

Inflation

People:

Prince Henry

Vasco Da Gama

Christopher Columbus

Hernan Cortez

Francisco Pizarro

Ferdinand Magellan

Francis Drake

Jacques Cartier

Places:

Portugal

Spain

Netherlands

France

England

New World

Old World

West Africa

Updated: Jun 01, 2018