Social Studies - 2019-20

WHII.3c - Changing Values + Printing Press

The student will apply social science skills to understand the Reformation in terms of its impact on Western civilization by

c) describing how the Reformation led to changing cultural values, traditions, and philosophies, and assessing the role of the printing press.


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

At first, the Reformation divided the countries of Europe on religious principles, leading to religious intolerance.

Gradually, religious toleration emerged as the result of changing cultural values.

The printing press was instrumental in spreading cultural ideas.


ESSENTIALS

Changing cultural values, traditions, and philosophies

 Growth of secularism and skepticism in reaction against religious warfare

 Growth of individualism

 Eventual growth of religious tolerance


Role of the printing press

 Growth of literacy was stimulated by the Gutenberg printing press.

 The Bible was printed in English, French, and German.

 These factors had an important impact on spreading the ideas of the Reformation and the Renaissanc


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms:

Printing Press

Indulgence

Usury

Laity

95 Theses

Predestination

Inquisition

Jesuits (Society of Jesus)

Council of Trent

People:

Johannes Gutenberg

Martin Luther

John Calvin

Henry VIII

Elizabeth I

Hapsburg Family

Ignatius of Loyola

John Wycliffe

Jan Huss

Places:

England

Holy Roman Empire (Germany)

France

Updated: Jun 01, 2018