Social Studies - 2019-20

WHII.3b - Reformation Movements and Counter Reformation

The student will apply social science skills to understand the Reformation in terms of its impact on Western civilization by

b) describing the impact of religious conflicts, the Inquisition, and the Catholic Reformation on society and government actions;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The Reformation had its roots in disagreements about theology, but it led to important economic and political changes. Religious differences and hatreds caused war and destruction.

ESSENTIALS

Reformation in Germany

 Princes in Northern Germany converted to Protestantism, ending the authority of the Pope in their states.

 The Hapsburg family and the authority of the Holy Roman Empire continued to support the Roman Catholic Church.

 Conflict between Protestants and Catholics resulted in devastating wars (e.g., Thirty Years’ War).


Reformation in France

 After more than 30 years of war between Catholics and Protestants, the Catholic monarchy granted Protestant Huguenots freedom of worship by the Edict of Nantes.

 Cardinal Richelieu exploited the religious conflict (Thirty Years’ War) for political ends.


Catholic Reformation

Counter-Reformation:

 The Council of Trent reaffirmed most Church doctrine and practices.

 The Society of Jesus (the Jesuits) was founded to spread Catholic doctrine around the world.

 The Inquisition was used to reinforce Catholic doctrine.


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms:

Printing Press

Indulgence

Usury

Laity

95 Theses

Predestination

Inquisition

Jesuits (Society of Jesus)

Council of Trent

People:

Johannes Gutenberg

Martin Luther

John Calvin

Henry VIII

Elizabeth I

Hapsburg Family

Ignatius of Loyola

John Wycliffe

Jan Huss

Places:

England

Holy Roman Empire (Germany)

France


Updated: Jun 01, 2018