Social Studies - 2019-20
WHII.3b - Reformation Movements and Counter Reformation
The student will apply social science skills to understand the Reformation in terms of its impact on Western civilization by
b) describing the impact of religious conflicts, the Inquisition, and the Catholic Reformation on society and government actions;
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
The Reformation had its roots in disagreements about theology, but it led to important economic and political changes. Religious differences and hatreds caused war and destruction.
Reformation in Germany
Princes in Northern Germany converted to Protestantism, ending the authority of the Pope in their states.
The Hapsburg family and the authority of the Holy Roman Empire continued to support the Roman Catholic Church.
Conflict between Protestants and Catholics resulted in devastating wars (e.g., Thirty Years’ War).
Reformation in France
After more than 30 years of war between Catholics and Protestants, the Catholic monarchy granted Protestant Huguenots freedom of worship by the Edict of Nantes.
Cardinal Richelieu exploited the religious conflict (Thirty Years’ War) for political ends.
The Council of Trent reaffirmed most Church doctrine and practices.
The Society of Jesus (the Jesuits) was founded to spread Catholic doctrine around the world.
The Inquisition was used to reinforce Catholic doctrine.
Jesuits (Society of Jesus)
Council of Trent
Ignatius of Loyola
Holy Roman Empire (Germany)