Social Studies - 2019-20
CE.3b - Rights of Citizens
The student will apply social science skills to understand citizenship and the rights, duties, and responsibilities of citizens by
b) describing the First Amendment freedoms of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition, and the rights guaranteed by due process and equal protection of the laws;2008:
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
The Constitution of the United States establishes and protects the citizens’ fundamental rights and liberties.
Few rights, if any, are considered absolute.
First Amendment freedoms
Religion: Government may not establish an official religion, endorse an official religion, or unduly interfere with the free exercise of religion.
Speech: Individuals are free to express their opinions and beliefs.
Press: The press has the right to gather and publish information, including that which criticizes the government.
Assembly: Individuals may peacefully gather.
Petition: Individuals have the right to make their views known to public officials.
The Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments outline due process.
The Fifth Amendment protects citizens from being held for committing a crime unless they have been charged by the police. It also guarantees due process, which means that the state and the country have to respect a citizen’s legal rights.
The Fourteenth Amendment declares no state may deprive persons born or naturalized in the United States equal protection of the laws.