Social Studies - 2019-20

WHI.15c - Art and Literature of the Renaissance

The student will apply social science skills to understand the developments leading to the Renaissance in Europe in terms of its impact on Western civilization by

c) citing the contributions of artists and philosophers of the Renaissance, as contrasted with the medieval period, including Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Petrarch;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The Renaissance produced new ideas that were reflected in the arts, philosophy, and literature. Patrons, wealthy from newly expanded trade, sponsored works that glorified city-states in northern Italy. Education became increasingly secular.

ESSENTIALS

Medieval art and literature focused on the Church and salvation, while Renaissance art and literature focused on individuals and worldly matters, along with Christianity.

The Italian Renaissance sought to revive the literary and artistic culture of ancient Rome and Greece.


Artistic creativity

 Leonardo da Vinci: Mona Lisa and The Last Supper

 Michelangelo: Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and David


Humanism

 Celebrated the individual

 Stimulated the study of classical Greek and Roman literature and culture

 Supported by wealthy patrons

 Petrarch: Father of humanism


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms

Renaissance (15a,c,d)

Italian Renaissance (15c,d)

Northern Renaissance (15d)

Usury (15a)

Letters of credit (15a)

The Prince (15b)

End justifies the means (15b)

Mona Lisa (15b)

The Last Supper (15b)

Ceiling of Sistine Chapel (15b)

David (15c)

Humanism (15c)

Prominent (15c)

Patrons (15c)

Gutenberg Bible (15d)

The Praise of Folly (15d)

Utopia (15d)

People

Machiavelli (15b)

Da Vinci (15c)

Michelangelo (15c)

Petrarch (15c)

Gutenberg (15d)

Erasmus (15d)

Sir Thomas More (15d)

William Shakespeare (15d)

Places

Florence (15b)

Venice (15b)

Genoa (15b)

Updated: May 17, 2018