Social Studies - 2019-20

WHI.14d - Church Scholars

The student will apply social science skills to understand the social, economic, and political changes and cultural achievements in the high and late medieval periods by

d) evaluating and explaining the preservation and transfer to Western Europe of Greek, Roman, and Arabic philosophy, medicine, and science.


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Education was largely confined to the clergy during the Middle Ages. The masses were uneducated, while the nobility was concerned with feudal obligations. Church scholars preserved ancient literature in monasteries in the East and West.

ESSENTIALS

Church scholars

 Were among the very few who could read and write

 Worked in monasteries

 Translated Greek and Arabic works into Latin

 Made new knowledge in philosophy, medicine, and science available in Europe

 Laid the foundations for the rise of universities in Europe in the thirteenth century


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms

Magna Carta (12a)

Medieval (12a)

Norman Conquest (12a)

Hundred Years War (12a)

Common law (12a)

Parliament (12a)

Evolution (12a)

Tsar (12a)

Moors (12a)

Crusades (12b)

Crusader states (12b)

Black Death (12c)

Bubonic Plague (12c)

Scarcity (12c)

People

Ottomans (12a)

William the Conqueror (12a)

Henry II (12a)

King John (12a)

Hugh Capet (12a)

Joan of Arc (12a)

Ferdinand & Isabella (12a)

Charles V (12a)

Ivan the Great (12a)

Pope Urban (12b)

Saladin (12b)

Mongols (12b)

Places

England (12a)

France (12a)

Russia (12a)

Moscow (12a)

Holy Land (12b)

Updated: May 17, 2018