Social Studies - 2019-20

WHI.14a - European Monarchies

The student will apply social science skills to understand the social, economic, and political changes and cultural achievements in the high and late medieval periods by

a) describing the emergence of centralized monarchies (England, France, Spain, and Russia) and distinctive political developments in each;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

European monarchies consolidated their power in the high and late medieval periods.

ESSENTIALS

England

 William the Conqueror, leader of the Norman Conquest, united most of England.

 King John signed the Magna Carta, limiting the king’s power.

 The Hundred Years’ War between England and France helped define England as a nation.

 Parliament evolved.


France

 The Capetian dynasty united most of France, and King Philip II (Augustus) made Paris the French capital.

 The Hundred Years’ War between England and France helped define France as a nation.

 Joan of Arc was a unifying factor.


Spain

 Ferdinand and Isabella unified most of Spain and expelled Jews and Moors.

 Spanish Empire in the Western Hemisphere expanded under Charles V.


Russia

 Ivan the Great threw off the rule of the Mongols, centralized power in Moscow, and expanded the Russian nation.

 Power was centralized in the hands of the tsar.

 The Orthodox Church influenced unification.


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms

Magna Carta (12a)

Medieval (12a)

Norman Conquest (12a)

Hundred Years War (12a)

Common law (12a)

Parliament (12a)

Evolution (12a)

Tsar (12a)

Moors (12a)

Crusades (12b)

Crusader states (12b)

Black Death (12c)

Bubonic Plague (12c)

Scarcity (12c)

People

Ottomans (12a)

William the Conqueror (12a)

Henry II (12a)

King John (12a)

Hugh Capet (12a)

Joan of Arc (12a)

Ferdinand & Isabella (12a)

Charles V (12a)

Ivan the Great (12a)

Pope Urban (12b)

Saladin (12b)

Mongols (12b)

Places

England (12a)

France (12a)

Russia (12a)

Moscow (12a)

Holy Land (12b)

Updated: May 17, 2018