Social Studies - 2019-20

WHI.12c - African Trading and Economic Interdependence

The student will apply social science skills to understand the civilizations and empires of Africa, with emphasis on the African kingdoms of Axum and Zimbabwe and the West African civilizations of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai, by

c) evaluating and explaining the European interactions with these societies, with emphasis on trading and economic interdependence.


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The expanding economies of European states stimulated increased trade and a desire for exploration.

ESSENTIALS

Factors contributing to the European exploration

 Demand for gold, spices, and natural resources in Europe

 Support for diffusion of Christianity

 Political and economic competition between European empires

 Innovations of European and Islamic origins in navigational arts

 Pioneering role of Prince Henry the Navigator


European trading posts were established along the coast of Africa.


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms

Maritime (10a)

Amber (10b)

Textiles (10b)

Watermills (10b)

Windmills (10b)

Lateen sails (10b)

Archipelago (10c)

Shinto (10c)

Animism (10d)

Torri

People

Samurai

Mansa Musa (10d)

Places

Indian Ocean (10a,b,d)

China Sea (10a)

Black Sea (10a)

Middle East (10b)

Korea (10b)

Japan (10b)

Sea of Japan (10c)

East Sea (10c)

Ghana (10d)

Mali (10d)

Songhai (10d)

Axum (10d)

Ethiopian highlands (10d)

Zimbabwe (10d)

Great Zimbabwe (10d)

Sahara (10d)

Timbuktu (10d)

Zambezi River (10d)

Limpopo River (10d)

Niger River (10d)

Updated: May 17, 2018