Social Studies - 2019-20

WHI.12a - Africa Geography

The student will apply social science skills to understand the civilizations and empires of Africa, with emphasis on the African kingdoms of Axum and Zimbabwe and the West African civilizations of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai, by

a) locating early civilizations and kingdoms in time and place and describing major geographic features;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

African civilizations developed in sub-Saharan West and East Africa.

ESSENTIALS

Axum

 Location relative to the Ethiopian Highlands and the Nile River

Zimbabwe

 Location relative to the Zambezi River, the Limpopo river, and the Indian Ocean coast

West African kingdoms

 Location of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai empires relative to the Niger River and the Sahara


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms

Maritime (10a)

Amber (10b)

Textiles (10b)

Watermills (10b)

Windmills (10b)

Lateen sails (10b)

Archipelago (10c)

Shinto (10c)

Animism (10d)

Torri

People

Samurai

Mansa Musa (10d)

Places

Indian Ocean (10a,b,d)

China Sea (10a)

Black Sea (10a)

Middle East (10b)

Korea (10b)

Japan (10b)

Sea of Japan (10c)

East Sea (10c)

Ghana (10d)

Mali (10d)

Songhai (10d)

Axum (10d)

Ethiopian highlands (10d)

Zimbabwe (10d)

Great Zimbabwe (10d)

Sahara (10d)

Timbuktu (10d)

Zambezi River (10d)

Limpopo River (10d)

Niger River (10d)

Updated: May 17, 2018