Social Studies - 2019-20

WHI.9c - Cultural and Scientific Contributions of Islam

The student will apply social science skills to understand the Islamic civilization from about 600 to 1000 A.D. (C.E.) by

c) explaining the cultural and scientific contributions and achievements of Islamic civilization.


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Early Islamic civilization was characterized by achievements in science and the arts that transformed the Islamic world and had a major global impact.

ESSENTIALS

Cultural contributions and achievements

 Architecture (Dome of the Rock)

 Mosaics

 Arabic alphabet

 Universities

 Translation of ancient texts into Arabic


Scientific contributions and achievements

 Arabic numerals (adapted from India, including zero)

 Algebra

 Medicine

 Expansion of geographic knowledge

KEY VOCABULARY

Terms

Muslim Empire (8a,b)

Islamic civilization (8a-d)

Prophet (8a,b)

Allah (8a)

Hijrah (8a)

Jihad (8a)

Mosque (8a)

Minaret (8a)

Quran (8a)

Five Pillars (8a)

Facilitated (8b)

Diffusion (8b)

Arabic language (8b)

Sunni Muslims (8c)

Shi’a Muslims (8c)

Battle of Tours (8c)

Caliph (8c)

Algebra (8d)

Astrolabe (8d)

People

Muhammad (8a,b)

Ali (8c)

Mongols (8c)

Places

Arabian Peninsula (8a)

Spain (8a)

Mecca (8b)

Medina (8b)

Iran (8b)

Damascus (8c)

Baghdad (8c)

Jerusalem (8c)

Dome of the Rock (8d)

Updated: May 17, 2018