Social Studies - 2019-20

WHI.9a - Origins, Location, Beliefs, Traditions, Customs, and Spread of Islam

The student will apply social science skills to understand the Islamic civilization from about 600 to 1000 A.D. (C.E.) by

a) describing the origin, location, beliefs, traditions, customs, and spread of Islam, with emphasis on the Sunni-Shi’a division and the Battle of Tours;

Adopted: 2015



The revelations of Muhammad form the basis of the Islamic religion, a monotheistic faith.

Muhammad and his followers spread Islam.

Islamic traditions and practices developed over centuries and created a distinctive culture.

Major historical turning points marked the spread and influence of Islamic civilization.


Origins of Islam

 Muhammad, the Prophet


 Arabian Peninsula

 Mecca and Medina

Spread of Islam

 Across Asia and Africa and into Spain

 Geographic extent of first Islamic empire

Beliefs, traditions, and practices of Islam

 Monotheism: Allah (Arabic word for God)

 Qur’an (Koran): The word of God

 Five Pillars of Islam

 Acceptance of earlier prophets such as Moses and Jesus

Historical turning points

 Death of Ali: Sunni-Shi’a division

 Muslim conquests of Jerusalem and Damascus

 Islamic capital moved to Baghdad by Abbasids

 Muslim defeat at the Battle of Tours



Muslim Empire (8a,b)

Islamic civilization (8a-d)

Prophet (8a,b)

Allah (8a)

Hijrah (8a)

Jihad (8a)

Mosque (8a)

Minaret (8a)

Quran (8a)

Five Pillars (8a)

Facilitated (8b)

Diffusion (8b)

Arabic language (8b)

Sunni Muslims (8c)

Shi’a Muslims (8c)

Battle of Tours (8c)

Caliph (8c)

Algebra (8d)

Astrolabe (8d)


Muhammad (8a,b)

Ali (8c)

Mongols (8c)


Arabian Peninsula (8a)

Spain (8a)

Mecca (8b)

Medina (8b)

Iran (8b)

Damascus (8c)

Baghdad (8c)

Jerusalem (8c)

Dome of the Rock (8d)

Updated: May 17, 2018