Social Studies - 2019-20

WHI.8d - Split of the Roman Catholic Church & Greek Orthodox Church

The student will apply social science skills to understand the Byzantine Empire and Eastern Europe from about 300 to 1000 A.D. (C.E.) by

d) explaining the disputes that led to the split between the Roman Catholic Church and the Greek Orthodox Church;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The cultural and political differences between the Eastern and Western Roman Empires weakened the unity of the Christian Church and led to its division.

ESSENTIALS

Eastern Church

 Centered in Constantinople

 Close to the seat of power after Constantinople became capital

 Use of Greek language in the liturgy


Western Church

 Centered in Rome

 Farther from the seat of power after Constantinople became capital

 Use of Latin language in the liturgy


Division between Western and Eastern Churches

 Authority of the pope eventually accepted in the West

 Authority of the patriarch accepted in the East

 Practices such as celibacy eventually accepted in the West


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms

Byzantine Empire (7a-e)

Justinian (7b)

Greek Orthodox Christianity (7c)

Imperial patronage (7c)

Icons (7c)

Mosaics (7c)

Western Christian Church (7d)

Eastern Christian Church (7d)

Liturgy (7d)

Pope (7d)

Patriarch (7d)

Celibacy (7d)

Slavic language (7e)

Cyrillic alphabet (7e)

Russian Orthodox Christianity (7e)

Ottoman Turks (7e)

Tsar (Czar) (7e)

People

Justinian (7b)

St. Cyril (7e)

Places

Constantinople (7a,d)

Byzantium (7c)

Hagia Sophia (7c)

Russia (7e)

Baltic Sea (7e)

Black Sea (7e)


Updated: May 17, 2018