Social Studies - 2019-20

WHI.8c - Byzantine Art and Architecture

The student will apply social science skills to understand the Byzantine Empire and Eastern Europe from about 300 to 1000 A.D. (C.E.) by

c) characterizing the role Byzantine art and architecture played in the preservation of Greek and Roman traditions;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Greek Orthodox Christianity and imperial patronage enabled the Byzantine Empire to develop a unique style of art and of architecture.

Greek and Roman traditions were preserved in the Byzantine Empire.


ESSENTIALS

Byzantine achievements in art and architecture

 Inspiration provided by Christian religion and imperial power

 Icons (religious images)

 Mosaics in public and religious structures

 Hagia Sophia (a Byzantine domed church)


Byzantine culture

 Continued flourishing of Greco-Roman traditions

 Greek language (as contrasted with Latin in the West)

 Greek Orthodox Christianity

 Greek and Roman knowledge preserved in Byzantine libraries


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms

Byzantine Empire (7a-e)

Justinian (7b)

Greek Orthodox Christianity (7c)

Imperial patronage (7c)

Icons (7c)

Mosaics (7c)

Western Christian Church (7d)

Eastern Christian Church (7d)

Liturgy (7d)

Pope (7d)

Patriarch (7d)

Celibacy (7d)

Slavic language (7e)

Cyrillic alphabet (7e)

Russian Orthodox Christianity (7e)

Ottoman Turks (7e)

Tsar (Czar) (7e)

People

Justinian (7b)

St. Cyril (7e)

Places

Constantinople (7a,d)

Byzantium (7c)

Hagia Sophia (7c)

Russia (7e)

Baltic Sea (7e)

Black Sea (7e)

Updated: May 17, 2018