Social Studies - 2019-20

WHI.6b - Ancient Rome Social and Religious Structure

The student will apply social science skills to understand ancient Rome from about 700 B.C. (B.C.E.) to 500 A.D. (C.E.) in terms of its impact on Western civilization by

b) describing the social and religious structure of ancient Rome;

Adopted: 2015



Roman mythology, like Greek mythology, was based upon a polytheistic religion that was integral to culture, politics, and art.

Many of Western civilization’s symbols, metaphors, words, and idealized images come from ancient Roman mythology.


Roman society

 Patricians: Wealthy individuals whose families were eligible to hold public offices

 Plebeians: Poorer individuals who could not hold office

 Slaves: Individuals who were captured as prisoners of war, born to enslaved parents, or who failed to repay their loans and debts

Roman mythology

 Based on the Greek polytheistic religion

 Explanations of natural phenomena, human qualities, and life events

Roman gods and goddesses

 Jupiter, Juno, Apollo, Diana, Minerva, Venus

 Symbols and images in literature, art, and architecture



Veto (6a)

Checks and balances (6a)

Roman mythology (6b)

Twelve Tables (6b)

Roman Republic (6c,e,f)

Patricians (6c)

Plebeians (6c)

Punic Wars (6d)

Legion (6d)

Representative democracy (6c)

Consuls (6c)

Senate (6c)

Roman Empire (6e-k)

Inflation (6e)

Roman Civil War (6f)

Triumvirate (6f)

Pax Romana (6g)

Messiah (6h)

New Testament (6h)

Pope (6h)

Apostles (6h)

Martyrs (6h)

Aeneid (6j)

Pantheon (6j)

Aqueduct (6j)

Colosseum (6j)

Forum (6j)


Hannibal (6d)

Julius Caesar (6e,f)

Augustus Caesar (6e-g)

Marc Anthony (6e,f)

Jesus (6h)

Paul (6h)

Constantine (6i,k)

Diocletian (6i,k)

Virgil (6j)

Ptolemy (6j)


Rome (6a,c-k)

Italian Peninsula (6a,d)

Alps (6a)

Mediterranean Sea (6a)

Gaul (6d)

British Isles (6d)

Carthage (6d)

Western Roman Empire (6k)

Byzantium (6k)

Constantinople (6k)

Eastern Roman Empire (6k)

Updated: May 17, 2018