Social Studies - 2019-20

WHI.6a - Ancient Rome Geography

The student will apply social science skills to understand ancient Rome from about 700 B.C. (B.C.E.) to 500 A.D. (C.E.) in terms of its impact on Western civilization by

a) locating Roman civilizations in time and place and describing their major geographic features;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The Italian peninsula was protected by the sea and the arc of the Alps mountains.

After the collapse of Alexander the Great’s empire, Rome gradually emerged as the dominant civilization around the Mediterranean and in Europe.


ESSENTIALS

Locations and places

 Rome: Centrally located in the Mediterranean Basin and distant from eastern Mediterranean powers

 Italian Peninsula

 Alps: Protection

 Mediterranean Sea: Protection, seaborne commerce


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms

Veto (6a)

Checks and balances (6a)

Roman mythology (6b)

Twelve Tables (6b)

Roman Republic (6c,e,f)

Patricians (6c)

Plebeians (6c)

Punic Wars (6d)

Legion (6d)

Representative democracy (6c)

Consuls (6c)

Senate (6c)

Roman Empire (6e-k)

Inflation (6e)

Roman Civil War (6f)

Triumvirate (6f)

Pax Romana (6g)

Messiah (6h)

New Testament (6h)

Pope (6h)

Apostles (6h)

Martyrs (6h)

Aeneid (6j)

Pantheon (6j)

Aqueduct (6j)

Colosseum (6j)

Forum (6j)

People

Hannibal (6d)

Julius Caesar (6e,f)

Augustus Caesar (6e-g)

Marc Anthony (6e,f)

Jesus (6h)

Paul (6h)

Constantine (6i,k)

Diocletian (6i,k)

Virgil (6j)

Ptolemy (6j)

Places

Rome (6a,c-k)

Italian Peninsula (6a,d)

Alps (6a)

Mediterranean Sea (6a)

Gaul (6d)

British Isles (6d)

Carthage (6d)

Western Roman Empire (6k)

Byzantium (6k)

Constantinople (6k)

Eastern Roman Empire (6k)

Updated: May 17, 2018