Social Studies - 2019-20

WHI.5e, f - Phillip of Macedonia, Alexander the Great, and Athenian Culture

The student will apply social science skills to understand ancient Greece in terms of its impact on Western civilization by

e) evaluating the significance of the conquest of Greece by Macedonia and the formation and spread of Hellenistic culture by Alexander the Great; and

f) citing and explaining contributions in drama, poetry, history, sculpture, architecture, science, mathematics, and philosophy, with emphasis on Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Athenian culture during the classical era became one of the foundation stones of Western civilization.

ESSENTIALS

Phillip of Macedonia and Alexander the Great

 Phillip of Macedonia’s conquest returned Greece to a monarchy.

 Alexander the Great’s conquests, which stretched to western India, spread Greek influence in Egypt and the Near East.


Contributions of Greek culture to Western civilization

 Drama: Aeschylus, Sophocles

 Poetry: Homer (Iliad and Odyssey)

 History: Herodotus, Thucydides

 Sculpture: Phidias

 Architecture: Types of columns, including the Doric (Parthenon), Ionic, and Corinthian

 Science: Archimedes, Hippocrates

 Mathematics: Euclid, Pythagoras

 Philosophy: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle


KEY VOCABULARY

Terms

Classical Greek Era (5a-f)

Hellenic (5a)

Ethics (5a)

Rhetoric (5a)

acropolis (5a) 

Commerce (5a)

Terracing (5a)

Colonization (5a)

Greek mythology (5b)

Greek gods (5b)

Olympic Games (5b)

Civic (5c)

Monarchy (5c)

Aristocracy (5c)

Tyranny (5c)

Democracy (5c)

Oligarchy (5c)

Persian Wars (5d)

Marathon (5d)

Salamis (5d)

Peloponnesian Wars (5d)

Delian League (5d)

Peloponnesian League (5d)

Golden Age of Pericles (5e,f)

Doric (5f)

Ionian (5f)

Corinthian (5f)

Philosophy (5f)

Iliad (5e,f)

Odyssey (5e,f)

Hellenistic Age (5g)

People

Draco (5c)

Solon (5c)

Pericles (5e,f)

Aeschylus (5e,f)

Sophocles (5e,f)

Homer (5e,f)

Herodotus (5e,f)

Thucydides (5e,f)

Phidias (5e,f)

Archimedes (5e,f)

Hippocrates (5e,f)

Euclid (5e,f)

Pythagoras (5e,f)

Socrates (5e,f)

Plato (5e,f)

Aristotle (5e,f)

Philip II of Macedon (5g)

Alexander the Great (5g)

Places

Aegean Sea (5a)

Black Sea (5a)

Mediterranean Sea (5a)

Balkan Peninsula (5a)

Peloponnesus (5a)

Dardanelles (5a)

Athens (5a, c-f)

Sparta (5a, c-f)

Troy (5a)

Macedonia (5a, g)

Greece (5b,d,g)

Parthenon (5e,f)

Updated: May 17, 2018